Questions tagged [hand-tools]

Tools used by hand, the work/power is supplied by the tool user.

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Stock preparation for tapered tenon cutter

I’ve got a Veritas tapered tenon cutter (https://www.leevalley.com/en-gb/shop/tools/hand-tools/dowel-and-tenon-cutters/54835-veritas-tapered-tenon-cutters) and feel like I am missing something obvious ...
stanch's user avatar
  • 187
1 vote
0 answers
54 views

Setup improvement for planing faces of long boards

Apologies in advance for the long intro — I thought it would be relevant to explain the setup I am looking to evolve and why. I’ve started woodworking with power tools on a balcony, and as such my ...
stanch's user avatar
  • 187
1 vote
0 answers
121 views

How to make stuff concave - large radius - with handtools?

I’m trying to bestow a 5-foot long hollow to a board, to use as support for the base of a midcentury modern tv cabinet. E.g.: the long horizontal member of the leg base in the image below: I’m ...
ww_init_js's user avatar
  • 1,637
1 vote
0 answers
107 views

What is this adjustable/foldable rack for?

I inherited this whimsical object along with several other woodworking tools. The item resembles a stepladder, albeit a very small one (about 50cm). A hinge is connecting the two main sides - one ...
Martin Drozdik's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
97 views

Making very small mortises/grooves in wood

I'm wondering if there is a best way to make such holes in wood, size 2mm x 10mm. Should I use small chisels or any other approach you recommend?
Adam Łepkowski's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
91 views

Flattening a maple woodblock by hand for fine art woodcut printing on a press

I have had considerable problems trying to flatten maple woodblocks by hand for printing on an etching press. I often print with a jig below the block to allow me to register multiple colors -- the ...
Sketcher's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
363 views

Cutting perfect 45° by hand

I am trying to cut wooden planks with a 45° to joint them together. For this end I have made this jig for my handsaw. All the angles measured are perfect. I cut very slowly to avoid to much play from ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
161 views

What is this choppy defect called and what was it caused by?

What causes the splitty defect pictured below? Is there a special name for it? I think that working it out with hand planes would require removing too much of the surrounding wood. (Am I mistaken in ...
Noah J's user avatar
  • 157
1 vote
1 answer
325 views

Getting dust with smoothing plane?

I am new to hand planing. I have some S12E cedar and when I take my smoother (old Sargent) to the rough face I just get dust in the mouth and it gets stuck on the board. The blade is sharpened to 1000 ...
salisboss's user avatar
  • 111
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0 answers
131 views

How can I attach hardwood backing panels to a frame?

Preface: I only have access to hand tools. I am a novice at design and drawing perspectives, I unfortunately only have technical abilities right now because I've only copied other people's work to ...
Toots McGee's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
276 views

Resawing by hand - how to correct drift?

I'm trying resawing for the first time on a cherry board. It's just as difficult as everyone has mentioned, but I am following the advice I've found online and only sawing where I can see the line I ...
AKA's user avatar
  • 1,053
1 vote
2 answers
586 views

How do you inlay a brass corner ornament using handtools only?

I'm working on a campaign-style jewelry box, and am curious about the best way to inlay a corner guard that has a curve in it. My plan is to make a full size photo copy of the hardware, then rubber ...
Danny Delott's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
592 views

How to flatten stubborn hollow on the back of a plane iron?

I'm a completely new amateur woodworker, starting out with hand tools. To begin with, I want to get my new tools nice and sharp. I've been trying very hard to flatten (lap?) the back of my plane iron (...
Aniche's user avatar
  • 51
7 votes
1 answer
232 views

Is it needed to have the lever cap flat against the blade in a shoulder plane?

I bought an approximately cheap small (1/2" width) shoulder plane from Dictum. However I observed that only the toe of the lever cap presses on the blade (see picture above). Should I tree to ...
Andrei Rînea's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
198 views

Using a left and right shooting board to square the ends of a board

I'm a beginner hand-tool only woodworker and am trying to square the two ends of a 3ft long, 2.5" thick board of cherry for a floating shelf. I've succeeded in squaring one edge, one face, and ...
Danny Delott's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
392 views

How to prevent tearout when drilling surface at an angle?

I was boring holes for stool-legs when this huge chunk of hard maple tore out. This was supposed to the be the top surface of the stool, so it's pretty frustrating. The chip was mangled, so I can't ...
AKA's user avatar
  • 1,053
-1 votes
1 answer
129 views

Compass plane minimum radius

I'm considering getting a compass plane, probably a record 020. Anyone know what is the minimum internal radius they can cut? My first use of it would be constructing a wooden wheel roughly 24inches ...
Iain's user avatar
  • 144
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

Spirit Level Reading

I know this is a pretty basic question but I am not able to get an answer over the internet. So my question is, how do you read a spirit level. I am talking about the Starrett Machinist Level (98-6 – ...
Neil's user avatar
  • 41
2 votes
2 answers
189 views

Does it make sense to own a #1 if I already have a good block plane?

I have a decent block plane (low angle, adjustable mouth, good quality all-around). I just saw a Veritas #1 bevel-up smoother plane which seems to be similar in size and was thinking if it would make ...
Andrei Rînea's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
144 views

What are some good ways to finish smoothing a wood carving after you have the general form roughed out?

I am relatively new to wood carving and don't have anyone to mentor me or to ask advice from. I am making a handle for a machete out of red oak. The bottom of the handle is hooked like a hanger and is ...
Nick Bright's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
108 views

Aligning entry and exit side of drawbores

I don't have a drill press, so when drilling a long hole, I'll typically drill from both sides, as close as I can eyeball being orthogonal to the surface, and meet in the middle. This way, the series ...
ww_init_js's user avatar
  • 1,637
2 votes
1 answer
476 views

Stanley 78 rebate plane spur goes too deep

I have bought an old Stanley 78 rebate plane and I try to bring it to life. I honed the blade and tried to do a rebate (rabbet) across the grain. Of course that required the spur (nicker?) to be ...
Andrei Rînea's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
147 views

Plane/chisel sharpening technique

I’m looking to improve my sharpening technique when sharpening my hand plane blades and chisels. I use a Veritas honing jig and diamond stones and can get a nice edge that cleanly shaved the hairs on ...
NoobsArePeople2's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
4k views

Best way to cut very soft 4mm (1/8") poplar plywood sheets with hand tools

Sometimes I need to cut sheets (cca 50x80cm = 20x32") of soft 4mm (1/8") poplar plywood into smaller rectangular pieces and I find it surprisingly difficult to do with hand tools - it's too ...
Jan Spurny's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
299 views

What are the defining features of a Holtzapffel workbench?

While studying workbench designs I read a 2007 article by Chris Schwarz in Woodworking Magazine about the Holtzapffel workbench. He describes it roughly as an eclectic bench with French, German and ...
Rinke's user avatar
  • 121
0 votes
1 answer
241 views

Hand plane blade lower on one side

I'm a woodworking beginner trying to restore a Stanley no 5 and have run into problem with the blade hanging lower on one side. I'm not sure if it was originally like this or something I did - I've ...
Al.'s user avatar
  • 101
-1 votes
1 answer
138 views

How to highlight imprecisions?

Using only hand tools, I made a groove for a wedge and the wedge does not fit tight and perfect. How do I highlight where the exact point is that needs to be reworked? I've seen someone using carbon ...
im7xs's user avatar
  • 7
1 vote
1 answer
164 views

Terminology for beam drill?

This is called a Beam Drill in the USA, but I would like to know the terminology for this in British English. I'm trying to find one locally to me (on ebay) in the UK and failing completely... So my ...
vimes1984's user avatar
  • 363
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Best tool for sanding and shaping irregular surfaces

I am looking for some recommendations on sanding irregular surfaces, like rifle stocks. I have tried a random orbital sander but it is not giving me satisfactory results, and also it is difficult to ...
pradeep's user avatar
  • 13
2 votes
1 answer
131 views

Hand tool identification

I'm trying to identity the tool in the photo. The tablet is included for size, it has a 10.5 inch screen.
Mark's user avatar
  • 21
0 votes
1 answer
281 views

Remove little material from a wooden piece with manual tools

I've started to enjoy using manual tools ("unplugged woodworking") and I've been getting manual tools (marking gauges, smoothing plane, saws, block plane, chisels, etc.). I have piece of ...
Andrei Rînea's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is it possible to rip thin strips of wood only using hand tools?

Say from a standard board 1 in x3 in x6 feet cut strips of 1/8 in thickness?
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
260 views

How to face joint board longer than bench by hand

Project: Bed frame from hard wood (still deciding between cherry, oak, walnut, ash, beech) Question: What is a good method to face joint a board (approximately 15 cm / 6” wide) by hand with a shorter ...
PhDeadlift's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
231 views

Preventing poor groove geometry with plow plane?

I'm using a veritas small plow plane and I'm finding my grooves are a bit trapezoid shaped and not square to the reference face and edge: Material is Sapele. This is a longer piece (~48"). Some ...
John Carter's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
196 views

Identifying 2 strange homemade hand saw features

I recently acquired 2 homemade saws, likely early 20th century, with features I can't quite place for function or aesthetic. Any ideas? 18" saw with an odd bevel cut into the top edge of the ...
mcal's user avatar
  • 1
6 votes
1 answer
5k views

Unknown tool from auger bits set

Does anyone recognise the tool on the photos below? Recently I’ve bought a set of old auger bits on eBay and among them was that tool. I de-rusted it, but have no idea what do use it for :)
Piotr Górny's user avatar
7 votes
5 answers
1k views

Why does the blade of a sliding T-bevel have a point?

Does anyone have a good reference for the reason a typical wood or metal sliding T-bevel comes to a point? I've always wondered, and recently this tool came up in a semi-famous YouTube video, which ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to cut long angled cuts without a table saw?

Hey guys, first time poster. I'm trying to make this simple nightstand using hand tools. I'm stuck on these angled planks. Is there any way I can cut these very long cuts without electric table saw? I ...
Clockiebox's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
901 views

How do I plane the edge of a board such that it stays square to the face?

I just bought my first plane, an inexpensive Stanley 12-404 clone by Amazon Basics. I was dialing everything in and planing the edge of a board, eventually getting nice, thin, even shavings. After I ...
AKA's user avatar
  • 1,053
0 votes
0 answers
50 views

How bore out a shallow sink into a 2x10"?

I have a set of standing shelves that are built from standard home store 2x10"s. I wanted to repurpose the shelf as a place for my houseplants. When I water the plants, there is a lot of drainage ...
wcarhart's user avatar
  • 101
1 vote
1 answer
219 views

What is the difference between the jointer blade and the smoothing blade?

In The Anarchist's Tool Chest, Christopher Schwarz recommends buying a #5 bench plane with three irons as a first hand plane: a curved scrub blade, a flat jointer/try blade, and a flat smoothing blade....
Ralph's user avatar
  • 113
2 votes
1 answer
796 views

What is a router plane fence designed for?

Recently I bought a veritas router plane and I noticed that they provide an optional fence. (and with smaller blades) As I'm new to woodworking, I wonder what the fence is designed for? It seems one ...
LehrLukas's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
448 views

How do I avoid cutting my fingers on the sides of my chisel when paring?

When paring waste from dovetails with a chisel I often slice up my fingers on the back edge of my chisels. This forum thread discusses this topic with two recommendations: Just let your hands develop ...
NoobsArePeople2's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
216 views

How to make a circular base with moulding using hand tools?

For a piece such as this: How can this be shaped using only hand tools? Normally, a router comes to mind for something like this, or maybe a lathe, and then when you only think of hand tools, I think ...
Sam Gallagher's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
760 views

What are some proper ways of doing rabbets in plywood using hand tools?

What are some proper ways of doing rabbets in plywood with hand tools? I tried using a plough plane but it tore out the fibers too much. What other manual options are there?
Andrei Rînea's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is it possible to use a mortiser bit without a mortiser?

My project requires about 60 precise square holes, 14mm on a side. I don't have a mortiser but a mortiser bit is fairly inexpensive. Is there a way I could use that bit by hand to cut those holes? ...
Kietz's user avatar
  • 125
1 vote
2 answers
639 views

Reversed Foldable Carpenter Ruler?

My mother used to work in home decoration (in Switzerland we have a dedicated name for this: courtepointière) and she always used her Hultafors CONTACT meter (559-2-10) which differs from my regular ...
nowox's user avatar
  • 111
4 votes
1 answer
367 views

Rasps: how much does handedness matter?

I came on this: The teeth on Auriou rasps are slightly angled to favor right-handed users. If you are left-handed, please contact us as we can order you left-handed rasp (although we do keep some ...
George's user avatar
  • 383
8 votes
2 answers
6k views

Angled cuts without miter saw or miter box?

I'm only just starting out on basic woodworking projects as a side hobby, and I don't have many tools. But a bigger problem is that I live in an apartment and don't have the room for a fancy workshop ...
Darin Beaudreau's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
179 views

Can I use glasses-cleaning leather to make a strop?

I am having difficulties finding some scrap piece of leather in order to make myself a strop in order to aid the sharpening process for my plane blades and chisels. I was thinking to use this kind of ...
Andrei Rînea's user avatar