Questions tagged [hand-tools]

Tools used by hand, the work/power is supplied by the tool user.

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How to flatten stubborn hollow on the back of a plane iron?

I'm a completely new amateur woodworker, starting out with hand tools. To begin with, I want to get my new tools nice and sharp. I've been trying very hard to flatten (lap?) the back of my plane iron (...
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7 votes
1 answer
200 views

Is it needed to have the lever cap flat against the blade in a shoulder plane?

I bought an approximately cheap small (1/2" width) shoulder plane from Dictum. However I observed that only the toe of the lever cap presses on the blade (see picture above). Should I tree to ...
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3 votes
2 answers
97 views

Using a left and right shooting board to square the ends of a board

I'm a beginner hand-tool only woodworker and am trying to square the two ends of a 3ft long, 2.5" thick board of cherry for a floating shelf. I've succeeded in squaring one edge, one face, and ...
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3 votes
2 answers
106 views

How to prevent tearout when drilling surface at an angle?

I was boring holes for stool-legs when this huge chunk of hard maple tore out. This was supposed to the be the top surface of the stool, so it's pretty frustrating. The chip was mangled, so I can't ...
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0 votes
1 answer
60 views

Compass plane minimum radius

I'm considering getting a compass plane, probably a record 020. Anyone know what is the minimum internal radius they can cut? My first use of it would be constructing a wooden wheel roughly 24inches ...
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  • 164
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Spirit Level Reading

I know this is a pretty basic question but I am not able to get an answer over the internet. So my question is, how do you read a spirit level. I am talking about the Starrett Machinist Level (98-6 – ...
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2 votes
2 answers
78 views

Does it make sense to own a #1 if I already have a good block plane?

I have a decent block plane (low angle, adjustable mouth, good quality all-around). I just saw a Veritas #1 bevel-up smoother plane which seems to be similar in size and was thinking if it would make ...
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2 votes
1 answer
61 views

What are some good ways to finish smoothing a wood carving after you have the general form roughed out?

I am relatively new to wood carving and don't have anyone to mentor me or to ask advice from. I am making a handle for a machete out of red oak. The bottom of the handle is hooked like a hanger and is ...
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3 votes
2 answers
82 views

Aligning entry and exit side of drawbores

I don't have a drill press, so when drilling a long hole, I'll typically drill from both sides, as close as I can eyeball being orthogonal to the surface, and meet in the middle. This way, the series ...
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  • 1,587
2 votes
1 answer
149 views

Stanley 78 rebate plane spur goes too deep

I have bought an old Stanley 78 rebate plane and I try to bring it to life. I honed the blade and tried to do a rebate (rabbet) across the grain. Of course that required the spur (nicker?) to be ...
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3 votes
2 answers
113 views

Plane/chisel sharpening technique

I’m looking to improve my sharpening technique when sharpening my hand plane blades and chisels. I use a Veritas honing jig and diamond stones and can get a nice edge that cleanly shaved the hairs on ...
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3 votes
2 answers
205 views

Best way to cut very soft 4mm (1/8") poplar plywood sheets with hand tools

Sometimes I need to cut sheets (cca 50x80cm = 20x32") of soft 4mm (1/8") poplar plywood into smaller rectangular pieces and I find it surprisingly difficult to do with hand tools - it's too ...
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2 votes
1 answer
105 views

What are the defining features of a Holtzapffel workbench?

While studying workbench designs I read a 2007 article by Chris Schwarz in Woodworking Magazine about the Holtzapffel workbench. He describes it roughly as an eclectic bench with French, German and ...
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  • 121
0 votes
1 answer
79 views

Hand plane blade lower on one side

I'm a woodworking beginner trying to restore a Stanley no 5 and have run into problem with the blade hanging lower on one side. I'm not sure if it was originally like this or something I did - I've ...
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  • 101
-1 votes
1 answer
135 views

How to highlight imprecisions?

Using only hand tools, I made a groove for a wedge and the wedge does not fit tight and perfect. How do I highlight where the exact point is that needs to be reworked? I've seen someone using carbon ...
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1 vote
1 answer
96 views

Terminology for beam drill?

This is called a Beam Drill in the USA, but I would like to know the terminology for this in British English. I'm trying to find one locally to me (on ebay) in the UK and failing completely... So my ...
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  • 363
1 vote
2 answers
292 views

Best tool for sanding and shaping irregular surfaces

I am looking for some recommendations on sanding irregular surfaces, like rifle stocks. I have tried a random orbital sander but it is not giving me satisfactory results, and also it is difficult to ...
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  • 13
2 votes
1 answer
114 views

Hand tool identification

I'm trying to identity the tool in the photo. The tablet is included for size, it has a 10.5 inch screen.
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  • 21
0 votes
1 answer
87 views

Remove little material from a wooden piece with manual tools

I've started to enjoy using manual tools ("unplugged woodworking") and I've been getting manual tools (marking gauges, smoothing plane, saws, block plane, chisels, etc.). I have piece of ...
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2 votes
3 answers
544 views

Is it possible to rip thin strips of wood only using hand tools?

Say from a standard board 1 in x3 in x6 feet cut strips of 1/8 in thickness?
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1 vote
1 answer
109 views

How to face joint board longer than bench by hand

Project: Bed frame from hard wood (still deciding between cherry, oak, walnut, ash, beech) Question: What is a good method to face joint a board (approximately 15 cm / 6” wide) by hand with a shorter ...
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1 vote
1 answer
126 views

Preventing poor groove geometry with plow plane?

I'm using a veritas small plow plane and I'm finding my grooves are a bit trapezoid shaped and not square to the reference face and edge: Material is Sapele. This is a longer piece (~48"). Some ...
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0 votes
1 answer
115 views

Identifying 2 strange homemade hand saw features

I recently acquired 2 homemade saws, likely early 20th century, with features I can't quite place for function or aesthetic. Any ideas? 18" saw with an odd bevel cut into the top edge of the ...
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6 votes
1 answer
5k views

Unknown tool from auger bits set

Does anyone recognise the tool on the photos below? Recently I’ve bought a set of old auger bits on eBay and among them was that tool. I de-rusted it, but have no idea what do use it for :)
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6 votes
3 answers
551 views

Why does the blade of a sliding T-bevel have a point?

Does anyone have a good reference for the reason a typical wood or metal sliding T-bevel comes to a point? I've always wondered, and recently this tool came up in a semi-famous YouTube video, which ...
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0 votes
2 answers
225 views

How to cut long angled cuts without a table saw?

Hey guys, first time poster. I'm trying to make this simple nightstand using hand tools. I'm stuck on these angled planks. Is there any way I can cut these very long cuts without electric table saw? I ...
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4 votes
1 answer
487 views

How do I plane the edge of a board such that it stays square to the face?

I just bought my first plane, an inexpensive Stanley 12-404 clone by Amazon Basics. I was dialing everything in and planing the edge of a board, eventually getting nice, thin, even shavings. After I ...
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  • 907
0 votes
0 answers
48 views

How bore out a shallow sink into a 2x10"?

I have a set of standing shelves that are built from standard home store 2x10"s. I wanted to repurpose the shelf as a place for my houseplants. When I water the plants, there is a lot of drainage ...
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  • 101
1 vote
1 answer
129 views

What is the difference between the jointer blade and the smoothing blade?

In The Anarchist's Tool Chest, Christopher Schwarz recommends buying a #5 bench plane with three irons as a first hand plane: a curved scrub blade, a flat jointer/try blade, and a flat smoothing blade....
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  • 113
2 votes
1 answer
538 views

What is a router plane fence designed for?

Recently I bought a veritas router plane and I noticed that they provide an optional fence. (and with smaller blades) As I'm new to woodworking, I wonder what the fence is designed for? It seems one ...
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2 votes
3 answers
283 views

How do I avoid cutting my fingers on the sides of my chisel when paring?

When paring waste from dovetails with a chisel I often slice up my fingers on the back edge of my chisels. This forum thread discusses this topic with two recommendations: Just let your hands develop ...
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1 vote
2 answers
140 views

How to make a circular base with moulding using hand tools?

For a piece such as this: How can this be shaped using only hand tools? Normally, a router comes to mind for something like this, or maybe a lathe, and then when you only think of hand tools, I think ...
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1 vote
1 answer
540 views

What are some proper ways of doing rabbets in plywood using hand tools?

What are some proper ways of doing rabbets in plywood with hand tools? I tried using a plough plane but it tore out the fibers too much. What other manual options are there?
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0 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is it possible to use a mortiser bit without a mortiser?

My project requires about 60 precise square holes, 14mm on a side. I don't have a mortiser but a mortiser bit is fairly inexpensive. Is there a way I could use that bit by hand to cut those holes? ...
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  • 125
1 vote
2 answers
299 views

Reversed Foldable Carpenter Ruler?

My mother used to work in home decoration (in Switzerland we have a dedicated name for this: courtepointière) and she always used her Hultafors CONTACT meter (559-2-10) which differs from my regular ...
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  • 111
5 votes
1 answer
279 views

Rasps: how much does handedness matter?

I came on this: The teeth on Auriou rasps are slightly angled to favor right-handed users. If you are left-handed, please contact us as we can order you left-handed rasp (although we do keep some ...
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  • 393
8 votes
2 answers
4k views

Angled cuts without miter saw or miter box?

I'm only just starting out on basic woodworking projects as a side hobby, and I don't have many tools. But a bigger problem is that I live in an apartment and don't have the room for a fancy workshop ...
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2 votes
2 answers
139 views

Can I use glasses-cleaning leather to make a strop?

I am having difficulties finding some scrap piece of leather in order to make myself a strop in order to aid the sharpening process for my plane blades and chisels. I was thinking to use this kind of ...
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2 votes
2 answers
597 views

How to add a consistent chamfer across a non-linear edge using hand tools

I am beginning to really like using hand tools as opposed to power tools and I can see a lot of use cases for them. However I don't understand how can you apply a consistent chamfer on a non-linear ...
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4 votes
2 answers
206 views

Are there square-taper drill bits larger than 1-1/2" for hand braces?

A project description instructs to bore 1-3/4" through-holes into a benchtop to insert round tenons from legs. ("Herculaneum Workbench", book: Ingenious Mechanicks, Chapter VI, p106, by C. Schwarz) I ...
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  • 1,587
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the purpose of the side handle on a hand ("eggbeater") drill?

What is the purpose of the side knob (circled in orange) on a hand or "eggbeater" drill? I can't remember ever using this handle for anything. I'm considering cutting off the side knob so ...
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2 votes
1 answer
207 views

What tool is this?

Is marked General, Made in the USA No. 811 1/16 on one side, 1/8 on the other
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2 votes
1 answer
203 views

Routing With a Dremel [closed]

I'm VERY new to woodworking and don't have a lot of tools. I have a DeWalt Pullsaw, a Dremel, and some various hand tools. I recently got into woodworking because I saw a lot of really cool ...
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1 vote
0 answers
83 views

Help me identify this Bullnose 75 plane

I have just received this bullnose plane and I'm trying to identify it. I suppose its a record 75 plane, but i'm not sure about that. Someone can help me? Most of record 75 present different caps and ...
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2 votes
2 answers
3k views

How to saw wood without the final splitting?

Except for being more careful, are there any tips or tricks for preventing the final splitting when using a handsaw?
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4 votes
2 answers
4k views

How to make a mitre cut along the width of a board with hand tools

I'd like to cut a miter along the width of a wide board using hand tools. I've searched online and have not found any resources so maybe I'm using incorrect terminology. Say I have a board that is 12 ...
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1 vote
2 answers
201 views

Tips and Ideas for Hand Planing a 11,950 N board keeping it simple

I'm trying to build a dining table out of two pieces of Jatoba wood (Hymenaea courbaril) which has: Density - 57 lbs/ft3 (910 kg/m3) Hardness - 2,690 lbf (11,950 N) info taken from https://...
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7 votes
2 answers
256 views

What is this hand tool with handles similar to a spokeshave? It has different selectable profiles around the edge of a disc

Can anyone identify this? Woodworking tool?
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  • 243
4 votes
1 answer
317 views

Help me identify this hand plane

Can anyone identify this? It's located inside my boyfriend's great great grandfather's wood planer. Thanks!
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6 votes
2 answers
467 views

Precise 90 degree cuts on small pieces

This is a question about technique. When I cut small pieces of wood (1-2") I struggle to make precise square (90 degree) cuts by hand or handheld tools without a guide. If I just eyeball it I'll often ...
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