Questions tagged [traditional-techniques]

Generally tools and techniques used before the advent of common power tools.

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3
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2answers
98 views

Precise 90 degree cuts on small pieces

This is a question about technique. When I cut small pieces of wood (1-2") I struggle to make precise square (90 degree) cuts by hand or handheld tools without a guide. If I just eyeball it I'll often ...
2
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1answer
54 views

Handsaws for very small flooring project

Is there one excellent-quality handsaw that does both crosscuts and rip cuts, and, if not, what two handsaws should I buy? The task is to install either an engineered wood, or possibly hardwood, ...
2
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2answers
194 views

Why is metal avoided when joining wood?

I've seen dowels, dovetails (and other joinery techniques), glue and many more used for joining pieces of wood but metal screws, brad nails and metal, in general, is usually avoided. Why is this?
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1answer
129 views

Can I avoid spur / knicker marks in dado bottom cut with plough plane (stanley #45)?

I want to use a plough plane (stanley #45) to cut dadoes (cross grain). The spurs/knickers are useful in preventing tearout and defining a clean knife wall, but they score past the bottom of the dado, ...
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3answers
182 views

What could I use instead of a froe when cleaving?

I really want a froe. They are hard to find in my area and when they do exist they are expensive. If I want to cleave a log, e.g. ash, what other options could I consider? I could use axe heads but ...
2
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1answer
298 views

Resources for wooden furniture projects without glue, nails or screws

I am looking for resources (mostly books) on how to build wooden furniture without glue, nails or screws (preferably with only hand tools). I would like to learn the techniques involved in this as ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Fixing mistake: Filling the gap in a breadboard end on tabletop

I am building a pine desk/table (with handtools, so far) with a breadboard end design. One end piece does not sit flush with the tabletop everywhere along the entire width of the panel (32" or so). ...
1
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1answer
121 views

How can I flatten the top of a 12" natural log in place?

The logs are natural logs with uneven features since they are natural hand hewn. They were supposed to be flattened at the mill but that did not happen. I tried a 4 1/2" planner but I need to take off ...
3
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1answer
227 views

Hand Saws for Timber Framing

What saws were traditionally used for timber framing cuts in British practice? British-style backsaws don't seem to have cut depths any more than about 4", so how did they cut long tenons?
3
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2answers
176 views

What is a good starter traditional hand-tool set [closed]

I am starting to get more serious about woodworking and am embarking on a project for my church (A readers' stand with six sides and a rotating top with 3 book holders). I go to a Greek Orthodox ...
1
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1answer
54 views

How to construct roof correctly covering walls corners?

I'm trying to create a 3d model of the house which should resemble medieval one. It's not aiming to be perfectly aligned nor have strict measures; I'd like to learn how roof would be constructed if ...
2
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2answers
259 views

Leg basics for stools, chairs, table

I hope this question is not too general. I would like to make this table: http://www.popularwoodworking.com/article/moravian-stool-2 It mentions the dimensions : 1-5⁄8″ square at the top and 1″ at ...
3
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1answer
154 views

Hot Hide Glue Guidelines

The instructions for my hot hide glue pearls say to keep the temperature at 60°C. How forgiving is the holding temperature? If you overheat the glue, at what point will it break down and lose its "...
3
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2answers
214 views

My hand-planed rebate goes downhill - what's wrong with my technique?

I'm hand-planing rebates in half-inch (12mm) birch plywood. The plane I'm using for this is an Axminster Rider No. 778 Duplex Rebate Plane. That's very similar to a Stanley No. 78 but the fence is ...
8
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1answer
71 views

Any experience/advice re treadle lathes?

Traditional spring lathes predate motorized ones (or even flywheel designs) and aren't expensive or hard to build. They have their limitations, and if course since they're powered by the operator ...
6
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1answer
211 views

What is this turning process on the woodworking Wikipedia page?

I was looking for a simple way to describe woodworking and I found myself glancing the wiki page for it. The pictures on the side were intriguing. Particularly one showing one (two?) gentlemen turning ...
6
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1answer
506 views

Technique for using a “poor-man's rebate plane”

I made a poor-man's rebate plane following the approach shown by Paul Sellers in his blog and video It is made from pine (construction timber, probably spruce) so isn't likely to be accurate or ...
5
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1answer
158 views

What are the ideal traditional tools to use for creating an inlay?

I know how I can create one kind of fake inlay. I would like to know what is involved, at least at a basic level, how one creates inlays using traditional techniques and tools. What tools could I ...
7
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1answer
8k views

How to prevent sticking and hopping when cutting with a hand saw?

I have tried in the past to make precision cuts using a hand saw and always have issues with the blade sticking or hopping out of the cut. All my saws have been purchased from the local big box store....
2
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1answer
102 views

What is the draw knife technique with pencil marks called?

I've seen someone shape a piece of wood with a draw knife by marking the wood in places with a pencil, then drawing the knife over the area until the mark was gone. Then repeating. He seemed to be ...
9
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1answer
554 views

What drove the design for the traditional tang?

My terminology might be off as I am basing it on the image below Many traditional bits and tools used the tang style end. I am trying to figure out why that was the standard at the time. Was it power ...
10
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2answers
440 views

What is this brace bit cutter tool exactly and how is it used?

I was liberating some old hand tools from my grandfather's shop again, before grandma throws them in the garbage, and found some more interesting things. This time I am sure that this one is a ...
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1answer
159 views

What is an easy way to peel the bark off of a stick? [duplicate]

I am making Escrima Sticks out of wood in my backyard, and I want to peel the bark off of the sticks quickly.
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3answers
384 views

Finding the right metal for making a froe

They started clearing old ash trees from the lot where I work. There was lots of nice wood there so I took a couple pieces. One in particular a piece of green ash about 17" in diameter. I have been ...
5
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2answers
1k views

How do you use a 2D template with a lathe?

I was watching another Roy Underhill video where he showed us making a Shaker round stand. He explains the original table was built by the Shakers and how he has been wanting to replicate one. He ...
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2answers
2k views

Traditional woodworking marks

A while ago I was watching this video and the guy casually mentioned some woodworking marks that I found to be really great. I was trying to search for more of these today and found out they are ...
8
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2answers
5k views

What hand tools to use for rounding edges and creating pockets?

I've seen some tutorials online about how to create a cutting board, and all of them suggests using a power router to round the edges and create the pockets for the handles. It looks so easy to do ...
7
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2answers
7k views

How can I debark wood?

I'm up at the cottage and I wanted to make myself a traditional bow saw. I got this green piece of poplar and I need to debark it before I rip it. It's about 4-5 inches in diameter if that matters. ...
10
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6answers
273 views

Improve Grip on Shavehorse

This weekend I was using my shavehorse to make some wooden spatulas. After a while, the head started losing grip on the pieces I was working. To help improve the grip, I wrapped a piece of leather ...
7
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2answers
228 views

Trouble identifiying a gauge

I have made another trip to my grandfather's shed and I found some more tools that I am very interested to have and use (like the adze I got!). I have been watching enough episodes of The Woodwright's ...
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9answers
18k views

How can you make a square without a square?

There are many tutorials on making a square to check that corners are 90 degrees, but they all require you to use a square to check. So how can you make a square, without using a square? How were ...
8
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6answers
8k views

What is the old-school way of smoothing a curved surface?

I have heard that the old-school way of creating a flat surface is to use a hand plane, and that if you use the right tools, you may not even have to sand because the surface is so smooth. Can I use a ...
6
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1answer
215 views

What are the different styles of Japanese Saws

Pretty much just what the title says. I would like to know the different styles of Japanese saws and what each one is designed for. I am aware of Dozuki and Ryoba but I will assume there are others.
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2answers
3k views

Comparison of Western saws and Japanese Saws

I was considering acquiring a Japanese style saw from Lee Valley. I have a small collection of tenon saws and regular saws that would, it seem, already serve the same purposes as most of the ...
15
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2answers
2k views

What are spokeshaves and what is their intended use?

A lot of the woodworking books and articles I read will mention using spokeshaves for different things. What exactly is a spokeshave and what is their primary design purpose? I've never used one and ...
6
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3answers
1k views

What kind of woods can be riven with a froe?

I've never used a froe before but I'm enamored with the idea of making my own boards. Right now, I use splitting wedges to make quarters small enough to feed through my bandsaw. This results in a lot ...