Questions tagged [hand-planing]

There are many different planes for many different uses, but all shape a piece of wood to meet desired needs.

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4
votes
1answer
151 views

How do I plane the edge of a board such that it stays square to the face?

I just bought my first plane, an inexpensive Stanley 12-404 clone by Amazon Basics. I was dialing everything in and planing the edge of a board, eventually getting nice, thin, even shavings. After I ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Why is this planing job going so badly?

I cut a square hollow from a thick (~20in diameter) pine log using a chain saw, which looks like this: For my purposes, I don't need this very exact, nor very smooth, but I do want to get rid of ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

What plane should I get for planing an antique end grain butcher block

I have purchased an old butcher block that has extensive damage to the top. I want to flip the block over and plane the other side smooth to be the new top. The butcher block is constructed with the ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

How to make a circular base with moulding using hand tools?

For a piece such as this: How can this be shaped using only hand tools? Normally, a router comes to mind for something like this, or maybe a lathe, and then when you only think of hand tools, I think ...
4
votes
1answer
251 views

How to find replacement body paint for Record #07 handplane

Question I'm restoring a Record #07 hand plane (see Images section below). I plan to use electrolysis to clean the rust out of the nooks and crannies, and I suspect doing so might also attack the ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Which edge of the plane's mouth should I file if I want to open it up?

I have replaced the cutting iron on a Stanley #4 hand plane (edit: because the old one was kaputt, not by vanity). The replacement blade I got from LV is thicker, at 3.8mm vs the 2.0mm of the old one....
4
votes
1answer
229 views

Thicknessing and planing wide hardwood boards

I have some 600x1200mm (24"x47") hardwood (iroko) boards at just over 27mm (>1") thick that used to be old work tops from a school. I would like to clean them and use them for a kitchen worktop as it'...
3
votes
2answers
144 views

Planing end grain - cheap vs more expensive wood

I am trying to plane the end grain of some relatively cheap and soft (pine) timber (2x6s) with a no.4 Stanley Bailey hand plane. I've sharpened my plane to a degree which I think should be more than ...
4
votes
2answers
457 views

How flat is flat enough when laminating boards?

I'm making a workbench top using 2x4s of douglas fir laminated face to face and a hand plane. I know that the quality of the glue-up is going to be a function of the clamp strength, the flatness of ...
5
votes
1answer
140 views

Hand planing punky wood

I have some spalted punky wood blanks I'm turning into a stool seat. How do I stabilise it so it won't tear out during hand planing? It's to big for ca glue, if i use a wood hardener can I then plane ...
4
votes
2answers
517 views

How to clamp very thin wood for planing

I have some 1/8" plywood that I use to make small boxes, organizers etc. Since it is rough, a fast and neat way to smooth it is with a smoothing plane. Only a few light passes, of course. Using ...
2
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3answers
413 views

Broken plane sole - any fix?

There are some cracks in the sole of my plane, are there any possible fixes?
4
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2answers
383 views

Hand plane gouging wood even with fine adjustments

I bought a handplane from an antique store about two years ago and have struggled, off and on, to get it to work. I have flattened the sole, sharpened the blade (enough to pass the "shave the arm" ...
2
votes
2answers
152 views

Tips and Ideas for Hand Planing a 11,950 N board keeping it simple

I'm trying to build a dining table out of two pieces of Jatoba wood (Hymenaea courbaril) which has: Density - 57 lbs/ft3 (910 kg/m3) Hardness - 2,690 lbf (11,950 N) info taken from https://...
7
votes
2answers
319 views

How to handplane many boards to the same dimensions

I am dimensioning aprons for a table with handtools, and trying to correct the four boards to have the same equal thickness over their entire length. I'm trying to minimize problems with uneven ...
8
votes
1answer
199 views

Can a bad mouth plane be saved?

I recently bought a 10$ block plane just because it had a depth adjustment knob unlike the other block plane that I had. I took it out of the box, carefully took out the blade and sharpened it using ...
1
vote
2answers
211 views

Securing long boards for edge jointing

What strategies are there for clamping long boards to a workbench for hand planing their long edges? My bench doesn't have a leg vice but does have a tail vice and bench dogs. However, the bench dogs ...
5
votes
2answers
248 views

How do I set up the INGCO hand plane?

I've got a INGCO HPL01300 handplane and I'm kind of stuck on how to get started. I have already seen many videos on how the Stanley is setup and it seems pretty easy with one nail at the back to ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

Can I avoid spur / knicker marks in dado bottom cut with plough plane (stanley #45)?

I want to use a plough plane (stanley #45) to cut dadoes (cross grain). The spurs/knickers are useful in preventing tearout and defining a clean knife wall, but they score past the bottom of the dado, ...
2
votes
1answer
391 views

To prepare SPF (spruce/pine/fir) tabletop before a finish: should I use scraping, planing, or sanding?

My tabletop is made of selected SPF boards and has been planed with a handplane. I've added breadboard ends to each end. I'm preparing the surface for a finish, and trying to avoid sanding altogether, ...
5
votes
2answers
513 views

How should I set a hand plane down?

I've heard conflicting anecdotal advice on how to put down a hand plane. "Don't put a hand plane down on its bottom; always put it on its side or you'll throw off the blade." (source: Grandfather, ...
4
votes
4answers
6k views

How do I use a handplane to smooth a cutting board?

I've never used a hand plane before, but recently decided to give hand planing a go. I purchased a Lie-Nielsen No. 5 Jack Plane. For a project to experiment with, I threw together a simple long ...
2
votes
2answers
490 views

Walnut or Jojoba oil before final smoothing plane

I was wondering if you plan to finish a piece with walnut or jojoba oil anyway, is there a downside to "pre-finishing" the piece before you finally smooth it? Since these oils don't go rancid they ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Planing thin material to consistent thickness using hand tools

Is there a special tool/setup for achieving a consistent thickness of thin stock that leaves a planed/smooth finish? Something like I imagine is used for Kumiko members? https://www.tanihata.co.jp/...
4
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4answers
1k views

Respirator / Dust mask for hand tools?

Whats the safety regarding hand tools and dust masks? My hope is that in general hand tools will not produce fine enough dust to be concerned with. My assumptions are that using hand planes taking ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

getting edge of plane square to sole for shooting

I just finished putting together a shooting board and have noticed that none of my hand planes have sides which are square to the sole (Stanley/Bailey #4 w/ corrugated sole, #5 1/4, #6, Wood river low ...
4
votes
2answers
518 views

hand plane controls (bevel down)

I finally got a decent craigslist haul of a #4, #5 1/4, #6 Stanley Bailey and a bunch of spare blades. I have been searching online and can find explanations for each of the adjustments. But I am ...
3
votes
3answers
8k views

Most general purpose hand plane for limited budget

I have spent too many hours using my poor man's plane consisting of a flat block and a piece of sandpaper to flatten down my dovetail pins. I am looking to buy a hand plane and am a little ...
4
votes
1answer
318 views

Best TOUGH clear finish for fragile wood-shaving flower?

I made a rose from Poplar planing scraps; the arranged, concentric, shavings are tissue-paper thin. I wanted to somehow seal and finish the flower so that it would have some degree of durability, ...
7
votes
1answer
151 views

Static Electricity While Using a Hand Plane

I'm fairly new to using a hand plane and I've run into situation that seemed funny at first, but is getting a little more irritating. For whatever reason, the nice, long curly shavings I'm taking have ...
3
votes
2answers
246 views

My hand-planed rebate goes downhill - what's wrong with my technique?

I'm hand-planing rebates in half-inch (12mm) birch plywood. The plane I'm using for this is an Axminster Rider No. 778 Duplex Rebate Plane. That's very similar to a Stanley No. 78 but the fence is ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Fettling a hand plane

I have a #5 faithfull handplane (don't judge me, I didn't know any better!) that I tried to get working last year and failed miserably, so it sat in the cupboard for 6 months whilst I sulked. Since ...
7
votes
3answers
11k views

What is an electric planer (hand tool) good for?

This may be an opinion question... Someone recently gave me an old electric planer similar to And I'm wondering whether there is any task where it would really have an advantage over other tools ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

What are the steps in building a shooting board? [duplicate]

Now that I know what a shooting board is I want to make one. I see several videos on youtube on how to make one, but what should I be watching for and keep in mind? What are the steps in building a ...
6
votes
3answers
7k views

How can I fix warping on board made of glued 2x4s

I built a tabletop gluing up seven 2x4s together, and it warped a lot. Two opposing corners are up and the others down. I know cheap construction 2x4s can warp, but can this be fixed? The only way ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

How to make a good joint by hand planing both edges at the same time?

In this comment on this question on jointing without a jointer it was stated that: there's a trick where, if you plane two edges at once, they'll fit together even if they aren't perfectly square ...
6
votes
2answers
875 views

When is the ideal time to work green wood

I had made a really simple bow saw during my summer holidays. I was trying to see if I could make a project from start to finish using only hand tools. I cut some poplar (Mostly guessing but the ...
8
votes
6answers
10k views

What is the old-school way of smoothing a curved surface?

I have heard that the old-school way of creating a flat surface is to use a hand plane, and that if you use the right tools, you may not even have to sand because the surface is so smooth. Can I use a ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Recommendation for manual planing and sanding

I am a hobbyist who spends a lot of time manually preparing "plaques" of wood primarily for the purpose of relief carving and/or pyrography. I have very few tools, but what I do have (relevant to this ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I avoid tearout when planing end-grain? [duplicate]

I am making a birdhouse and wanted to ensure that the two sloped sides of the box were the same height so the top flap would sit flat on both sides. I grabbed a block plane to do this and had really ...
17
votes
4answers
23k views

How do you plane end grain?

I tend to like power tools, because I need a lot less 'skill' to get the same quality product. However, I do like learning hand tool techniques and sometimes they are just as good or better than ...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

Best way to flatten boards by hand

I'm trying to process 4/4 soft maple rough stock into 1/2" thin boards, ready for use in furniture and I'm having a real hard time getting them flat. Here's my process so far: Crosscut a 18" piece ...
6
votes
1answer
104 views

Closing mouth on coffin plane

I have a Scioto coffin plane whose mouth is a little on the wide side. I'd like to glue a piece of wood inside the front of the throat to close it up, but I don't know if rubbing end grain against the ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

Hand planing edge joined board without tearout

I'm considering building a kitchen table. This would be my second. I plan on edge joining planks. Last time, despite using dowels for alignment, there were often ridges between adjoining boards. To ...