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Questions tagged [hand-planing]

There are many different planes for many different uses, but all shape a piece of wood to meet desired needs.

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Chalk method for planing?

If a hand plane can flatten a surface twice the length of its sole, I’m wondering if this method would work: Apply chalk to the entire surface of a board to be flattened, then playing across the ...
Justify 's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
56 views

Setup improvement for planing faces of long boards

Apologies in advance for the long intro — I thought it would be relevant to explain the setup I am looking to evolve and why. I’ve started woodworking with power tools on a balcony, and as such my ...
stanch's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
58 views

Flattening a board with a shorter plane [duplicate]

I have read that a plane should be suitable for flattening a board about 2–2.5 times its length. I have also read (in several places) that with skill/care/attention one can extend this ratio. But what ...
stanch's user avatar
  • 307
0 votes
1 answer
78 views

Can I handle bows and crooks with a hand plane?

I'm using salvaged wood and my project involves some boards sitting next to each other, so the bowing and crooking are easy to see. I plan to nail 1x1's across the backs of the boards and anticipate ...
user66598's user avatar
  • 125
0 votes
2 answers
108 views

Plane to produce beveled edges on plywood?

I have this small project of bevelling the edge on a 3 1/2" x 2 1/2" piece of 1/2" plywood. I'm replacing and duplicating a damaged platform on which an audio speaker foot rests. I ...
fullrun's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
75 views

Making a waster from wood board

I want to make a waster/longsword from a 1x2 in board. I thought I could do this by taking a simple plane, and gradually planing out the blade until I have the right profile. It doesn't have to be ...
Nacessed1996's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
96 views

Flattening a maple woodblock by hand for fine art woodcut printing on a press

I have had considerable problems trying to flatten maple woodblocks by hand for printing on an etching press. I often print with a jig below the block to allow me to register multiple colors -- the ...
Sketcher's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
252 views

Uneven Deck Boards

I have all my deck boards screwed down to the joists. Some ends stick up 1/8 inch or more from the others. There are many areas like this. How do I fix this? Sander or planer? It would have to be some ...
Rick R. Pary's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
547 views

How flat should bench aprons be?

I'm building the Christopher Schwarz Knockdown Nicholson bench. This is my first foray into handtool building. I'm working on the aprons now and have cleaned up the boards and made them mostly flat on ...
ecline6's user avatar
  • 123
2 votes
1 answer
71 views

Where can I find detailed information about plane length?

Does anyone know where I can find detailed information (discussion, diagrams, etc.) about the "proper" length of plane needed for any given length of wood, or any given type of imperfection ...
The Middler's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
359 views

Getting dust with smoothing plane?

I am new to hand planing. I have some S12E cedar and when I take my smoother (old Sargent) to the rough face I just get dust in the mouth and it gets stuck on the board. The blade is sharpened to 1000 ...
salisboss's user avatar
  • 111
7 votes
1 answer
233 views

Is it needed to have the lever cap flat against the blade in a shoulder plane?

I bought an approximately cheap small (1/2" width) shoulder plane from Dictum. However I observed that only the toe of the lever cap presses on the blade (see picture above). Should I tree to ...
Andrei Rînea's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
202 views

Using a left and right shooting board to square the ends of a board

I'm a beginner hand-tool only woodworker and am trying to square the two ends of a 3ft long, 2.5" thick board of cherry for a floating shelf. I've succeeded in squaring one edge, one face, and ...
Danny Delott's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
200 views

Does it make sense to own a #1 if I already have a good block plane?

I have a decent block plane (low angle, adjustable mouth, good quality all-around). I just saw a Veritas #1 bevel-up smoother plane which seems to be similar in size and was thinking if it would make ...
Andrei Rînea's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
498 views

Stanley 78 rebate plane spur goes too deep

I have bought an old Stanley 78 rebate plane and I try to bring it to life. I honed the blade and tried to do a rebate (rabbet) across the grain. Of course that required the spur (nicker?) to be ...
Andrei Rînea's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
118 views

Rabbet/rebate on window frames - cleaning them out. Is there a specialized plane for this?

I was using a block plane and chisel + sander to clean out rabbets for new panes of glass in wooden storm windows. The block plane didn't clean completely into the corners, and got me wondering if ...
davidaug's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Straight cuts in plywood without a circular saw

I'm looking to make some drawer boxes out of plywood, and don't think I have enough space to set up to feel safe using a circular saw (certainly no room for a table saw). Popular opinion seems to be ...
OJFord's user avatar
  • 143
0 votes
1 answer
250 views

Hand plane blade lower on one side

I'm a woodworking beginner trying to restore a Stanley no 5 and have run into problem with the blade hanging lower on one side. I'm not sure if it was originally like this or something I did - I've ...
Al.'s user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
1 answer
888 views

Smoothing an uneven piece of wood

What are the best ways to smooth out shallow cuts in a piece of wood that is "mostly flat" but definitely a little warped, and has no requirement to be made flat? This came from trees a ...
BVernon's user avatar
  • 345
0 votes
1 answer
295 views

Remove little material from a wooden piece with manual tools

I've started to enjoy using manual tools ("unplugged woodworking") and I've been getting manual tools (marking gauges, smoothing plane, saws, block plane, chisels, etc.). I have piece of ...
Andrei Rînea's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to remove a heavy wire-brushed finish?

I bought a (solid) 32x70in white oak dining table that has a pretty heavily wire-brushed finish, something like: The crevices extend over 1mm below the surface. It's really quite impractical as food/...
lion's user avatar
  • 133
1 vote
1 answer
268 views

How to face joint board longer than bench by hand

Project: Bed frame from hard wood (still deciding between cherry, oak, walnut, ash, beech) Question: What is a good method to face joint a board (approximately 15 cm / 6” wide) by hand with a shorter ...
PhDeadlift's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
95 views

Warp in glueup of endgrain cutting board?

Hey guys so I started my first real big woodworking project in a while, may have underestimated the intensity and precision of it just a bit so I'm debating on how best to save it. My first glueup of ...
Daedalus's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
234 views

Preventing poor groove geometry with plow plane?

I'm using a veritas small plow plane and I'm finding my grooves are a bit trapezoid shaped and not square to the reference face and edge: Material is Sapele. This is a longer piece (~48"). Some ...
John Carter's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
493 views

How do I mitigate this tear-out, ideally with hand-plane and scraper?

I have a rough-sawn plank of ash that I'm trying to finish using only hand tools (and no abrasives if possible). I think the board is flat-sawn, and you can see where the heartwood begins - the ...
AKA's user avatar
  • 1,053
4 votes
1 answer
920 views

How do I plane the edge of a board such that it stays square to the face?

I just bought my first plane, an inexpensive Stanley 12-404 clone by Amazon Basics. I was dialing everything in and planing the edge of a board, eventually getting nice, thin, even shavings. After I ...
AKA's user avatar
  • 1,053
2 votes
2 answers
404 views

Why is this planing job going so badly?

I cut a square hollow from a thick (~20in diameter) pine log using a chain saw, which looks like this: For my purposes, I don't need this very exact, nor very smooth, but I do want to get rid of ...
Joshua Frank's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
305 views

What plane should I get for planing an antique end grain butcher block

I have purchased an old butcher block that has extensive damage to the top. I want to flip the block over and plane the other side smooth to be the new top. The butcher block is constructed with the ...
flow master's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
220 views

How to make a circular base with moulding using hand tools?

For a piece such as this: How can this be shaped using only hand tools? Normally, a router comes to mind for something like this, or maybe a lathe, and then when you only think of hand tools, I think ...
Sam Gallagher's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to find replacement body paint for Record #07 handplane

Question I'm restoring a Record #07 hand plane (see Images section below). I plan to use electrolysis to clean the rust out of the nooks and crannies, and I suspect doing so might also attack the ...
bgoodr's user avatar
  • 247
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Which edge of the plane's mouth should I file if I want to open it up?

I have replaced the cutting iron on a Stanley #4 hand plane (edit: because the old one was kaputt, not by vanity). The replacement blade I got from LV is thicker, at 3.8mm vs the 2.0mm of the old one....
ww_init_js's user avatar
  • 1,637
4 votes
1 answer
936 views

Thicknessing and planing wide hardwood boards

I have some 600x1200mm (24"x47") hardwood (iroko) boards at just over 27mm (>1") thick that used to be old work tops from a school. I would like to clean them and use them for a kitchen worktop as it'...
111111's user avatar
  • 205
3 votes
2 answers
580 views

Planing end grain - cheap vs more expensive wood

I am trying to plane the end grain of some relatively cheap and soft (pine) timber (2x6s) with a no.4 Stanley Bailey hand plane. I've sharpened my plane to a degree which I think should be more than ...
111111's user avatar
  • 205
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

How flat is flat enough when laminating boards?

I'm making a workbench top using 2x4s of douglas fir laminated face to face and a hand plane. I know that the quality of the glue-up is going to be a function of the clamp strength, the flatness of ...
Andrew Spott's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
237 views

Hand planing punky wood

I have some spalted punky wood blanks I'm turning into a stool seat. How do I stabilise it so it won't tear out during hand planing? It's to big for ca glue, if i use a wood hardener can I then plane ...
vimes1984's user avatar
  • 373
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

How to clamp very thin wood for planing

I have some 1/8" plywood that I use to make small boxes, organizers etc. Since it is rough, a fast and neat way to smooth it is with a smoothing plane. Only a few light passes, of course. Using ...
Andrei Rînea's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
2k views

Broken plane sole - any fix?

There are some cracks in the sole of my plane, are there any possible fixes?
Stack's user avatar
  • 243
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Hand plane gouging wood even with fine adjustments

I bought a handplane from an antique store about two years ago and have struggled, off and on, to get it to work. I have flattened the sole, sharpened the blade (enough to pass the "shave the arm" ...
dfife's user avatar
  • 4,186
1 vote
2 answers
216 views

Tips and Ideas for Hand Planing a 11,950 N board keeping it simple

I'm trying to build a dining table out of two pieces of Jatoba wood (Hymenaea courbaril) which has: Density - 57 lbs/ft3 (910 kg/m3) Hardness - 2,690 lbf (11,950 N) info taken from https://...
doppler0y's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to handplane many boards to the same dimensions

I am dimensioning aprons for a table with handtools, and trying to correct the four boards to have the same equal thickness over their entire length. I'm trying to minimize problems with uneven ...
ww_init_js's user avatar
  • 1,637
8 votes
1 answer
408 views

Can a bad mouth plane be saved?

I recently bought a 10$ block plane just because it had a depth adjustment knob unlike the other block plane that I had. I took it out of the box, carefully took out the blade and sharpened it using ...
Andrei Rînea's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
765 views

Securing long boards for edge jointing

What strategies are there for clamping long boards to a workbench for hand planing their long edges? My bench doesn't have a leg vice but does have a tail vice and bench dogs. However, the bench dogs ...
codecowboy's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
602 views

How do I set up the INGCO hand plane?

I've got a INGCO HPL01300 handplane and I'm kind of stuck on how to get started. I have already seen many videos on how the Stanley is setup and it seems pretty easy with one nail at the back to ...
itsols's user avatar
  • 153
1 vote
1 answer
395 views

Can I avoid spur / knicker marks in dado bottom cut with plough plane (stanley #45)?

I want to use a plough plane (stanley #45) to cut dadoes (cross grain). The spurs/knickers are useful in preventing tearout and defining a clean knife wall, but they score past the bottom of the dado, ...
ww_init_js's user avatar
  • 1,637
2 votes
1 answer
946 views

To prepare SPF (spruce/pine/fir) tabletop before a finish: should I use scraping, planing, or sanding?

My tabletop is made of selected SPF boards and has been planed with a handplane. I've added breadboard ends to each end. I'm preparing the surface for a finish, and trying to avoid sanding altogether, ...
ww_init_js's user avatar
  • 1,637
5 votes
2 answers
907 views

How should I set a hand plane down?

I've heard conflicting anecdotal advice on how to put down a hand plane. "Don't put a hand plane down on its bottom; always put it on its side or you'll throw off the blade." (source: Grandfather, ...
Scribblemacher's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
10k views

How do I use a handplane to smooth a cutting board?

I've never used a hand plane before, but recently decided to give hand planing a go. I purchased a Lie-Nielsen No. 5 Jack Plane. For a project to experiment with, I threw together a simple long ...
James's user avatar
  • 191
2 votes
2 answers
781 views

Walnut or Jojoba oil before final smoothing plane

I was wondering if you plan to finish a piece with walnut or jojoba oil anyway, is there a downside to "pre-finishing" the piece before you finally smooth it? Since these oils don't go rancid they ...
jbord39's user avatar
  • 970
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Planing thin material to consistent thickness using hand tools

Is there a special tool/setup for achieving a consistent thickness of thin stock that leaves a planed/smooth finish? Something like I imagine is used for Kumiko members? https://www.tanihata.co.jp/...
scanny's user avatar
  • 2,199
6 votes
4 answers
3k views

Respirator / Dust mask for hand tools?

Whats the safety regarding hand tools and dust masks? My hope is that in general hand tools will not produce fine enough dust to be concerned with. My assumptions are that using hand planes taking ...
jbord39's user avatar
  • 970