Questions tagged [hand-planing]

There are many different planes for many different uses, but all shape a piece of wood to meet desired needs.

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7 votes
1 answer
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Is it needed to have the lever cap flat against the blade in a shoulder plane?

I bought an approximately cheap small (1/2" width) shoulder plane from Dictum. However I observed that only the toe of the lever cap presses on the blade (see picture above). Should I tree to ...
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3 votes
2 answers
102 views

Using a left and right shooting board to square the ends of a board

I'm a beginner hand-tool only woodworker and am trying to square the two ends of a 3ft long, 2.5" thick board of cherry for a floating shelf. I've succeeded in squaring one edge, one face, and ...
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2 votes
2 answers
81 views

Does it make sense to own a #1 if I already have a good block plane?

I have a decent block plane (low angle, adjustable mouth, good quality all-around). I just saw a Veritas #1 bevel-up smoother plane which seems to be similar in size and was thinking if it would make ...
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2 votes
1 answer
160 views

Stanley 78 rebate plane spur goes too deep

I have bought an old Stanley 78 rebate plane and I try to bring it to life. I honed the blade and tried to do a rebate (rabbet) across the grain. Of course that required the spur (nicker?) to be ...
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1 vote
2 answers
75 views

Rabbet/rebate on window frames - cleaning them out. Is there a specialized plane for this?

I was using a block plane and chisel + sander to clean out rabbets for new panes of glass in wooden storm windows. The block plane didn't clean completely into the corners, and got me wondering if ...
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4 votes
1 answer
241 views

Straight cuts in plywood without a circular saw

I'm looking to make some drawer boxes out of plywood, and don't think I have enough space to set up to feel safe using a circular saw (certainly no room for a table saw). Popular opinion seems to be ...
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  • 143
0 votes
1 answer
86 views

Hand plane blade lower on one side

I'm a woodworking beginner trying to restore a Stanley no 5 and have run into problem with the blade hanging lower on one side. I'm not sure if it was originally like this or something I did - I've ...
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  • 101
0 votes
1 answer
247 views

Smoothing an uneven piece of wood

What are the best ways to smooth out shallow cuts in a piece of wood that is "mostly flat" but definitely a little warped, and has no requirement to be made flat? This came from trees a ...
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  • 287
0 votes
1 answer
93 views

Remove little material from a wooden piece with manual tools

I've started to enjoy using manual tools ("unplugged woodworking") and I've been getting manual tools (marking gauges, smoothing plane, saws, block plane, chisels, etc.). I have piece of ...
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3 votes
2 answers
241 views

How to remove a heavy wire-brushed finish?

I bought a (solid) 32x70in white oak dining table that has a pretty heavily wire-brushed finish, something like: The crevices extend over 1mm below the surface. It's really quite impractical as food/...
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1 vote
1 answer
122 views

How to face joint board longer than bench by hand

Project: Bed frame from hard wood (still deciding between cherry, oak, walnut, ash, beech) Question: What is a good method to face joint a board (approximately 15 cm / 6” wide) by hand with a shorter ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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Warp in glueup of endgrain cutting board?

Hey guys so I started my first real big woodworking project in a while, may have underestimated the intensity and precision of it just a bit so I'm debating on how best to save it. My first glueup of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
131 views

Preventing poor groove geometry with plow plane?

I'm using a veritas small plow plane and I'm finding my grooves are a bit trapezoid shaped and not square to the reference face and edge: Material is Sapele. This is a longer piece (~48"). Some ...
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0 votes
1 answer
176 views

How do I mitigate this tear-out, ideally with hand-plane and scraper?

I have a rough-sawn plank of ash that I'm trying to finish using only hand tools (and no abrasives if possible). I think the board is flat-sawn, and you can see where the heartwood begins - the ...
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4 votes
1 answer
516 views

How do I plane the edge of a board such that it stays square to the face?

I just bought my first plane, an inexpensive Stanley 12-404 clone by Amazon Basics. I was dialing everything in and planing the edge of a board, eventually getting nice, thin, even shavings. After I ...
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  • 991
2 votes
2 answers
237 views

Why is this planing job going so badly?

I cut a square hollow from a thick (~20in diameter) pine log using a chain saw, which looks like this: For my purposes, I don't need this very exact, nor very smooth, but I do want to get rid of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
198 views

What plane should I get for planing an antique end grain butcher block

I have purchased an old butcher block that has extensive damage to the top. I want to flip the block over and plane the other side smooth to be the new top. The butcher block is constructed with the ...
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1 vote
2 answers
143 views

How to make a circular base with moulding using hand tools?

For a piece such as this: How can this be shaped using only hand tools? Normally, a router comes to mind for something like this, or maybe a lathe, and then when you only think of hand tools, I think ...
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4 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to find replacement body paint for Record #07 handplane

Question I'm restoring a Record #07 hand plane (see Images section below). I plan to use electrolysis to clean the rust out of the nooks and crannies, and I suspect doing so might also attack the ...
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9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Which edge of the plane's mouth should I file if I want to open it up?

I have replaced the cutting iron on a Stanley #4 hand plane (edit: because the old one was kaputt, not by vanity). The replacement blade I got from LV is thicker, at 3.8mm vs the 2.0mm of the old one....
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  • 1,587
4 votes
1 answer
691 views

Thicknessing and planing wide hardwood boards

I have some 600x1200mm (24"x47") hardwood (iroko) boards at just over 27mm (>1") thick that used to be old work tops from a school. I would like to clean them and use them for a kitchen worktop as it'...
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  • 175
3 votes
2 answers
405 views

Planing end grain - cheap vs more expensive wood

I am trying to plane the end grain of some relatively cheap and soft (pine) timber (2x6s) with a no.4 Stanley Bailey hand plane. I've sharpened my plane to a degree which I think should be more than ...
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  • 175
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

How flat is flat enough when laminating boards?

I'm making a workbench top using 2x4s of douglas fir laminated face to face and a hand plane. I know that the quality of the glue-up is going to be a function of the clamp strength, the flatness of ...
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5 votes
1 answer
210 views

Hand planing punky wood

I have some spalted punky wood blanks I'm turning into a stool seat. How do I stabilise it so it won't tear out during hand planing? It's to big for ca glue, if i use a wood hardener can I then plane ...
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  • 363
6 votes
3 answers
1k views

How to clamp very thin wood for planing

I have some 1/8" plywood that I use to make small boxes, organizers etc. Since it is rough, a fast and neat way to smooth it is with a smoothing plane. Only a few light passes, of course. Using ...
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2 votes
3 answers
1k views

Broken plane sole - any fix?

There are some cracks in the sole of my plane, are there any possible fixes?
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  • 243
5 votes
2 answers
955 views

Hand plane gouging wood even with fine adjustments

I bought a handplane from an antique store about two years ago and have struggled, off and on, to get it to work. I have flattened the sole, sharpened the blade (enough to pass the "shave the arm" ...
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  • 4,156
1 vote
2 answers
203 views

Tips and Ideas for Hand Planing a 11,950 N board keeping it simple

I'm trying to build a dining table out of two pieces of Jatoba wood (Hymenaea courbaril) which has: Density - 57 lbs/ft3 (910 kg/m3) Hardness - 2,690 lbf (11,950 N) info taken from https://...
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10 votes
2 answers
726 views

How to handplane many boards to the same dimensions

I am dimensioning aprons for a table with handtools, and trying to correct the four boards to have the same equal thickness over their entire length. I'm trying to minimize problems with uneven ...
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  • 1,587
8 votes
1 answer
309 views

Can a bad mouth plane be saved?

I recently bought a 10$ block plane just because it had a depth adjustment knob unlike the other block plane that I had. I took it out of the box, carefully took out the blade and sharpened it using ...
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1 vote
2 answers
545 views

Securing long boards for edge jointing

What strategies are there for clamping long boards to a workbench for hand planing their long edges? My bench doesn't have a leg vice but does have a tail vice and bench dogs. However, the bench dogs ...
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5 votes
2 answers
482 views

How do I set up the INGCO hand plane?

I've got a INGCO HPL01300 handplane and I'm kind of stuck on how to get started. I have already seen many videos on how the Stanley is setup and it seems pretty easy with one nail at the back to ...
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  • 153
1 vote
1 answer
327 views

Can I avoid spur / knicker marks in dado bottom cut with plough plane (stanley #45)?

I want to use a plough plane (stanley #45) to cut dadoes (cross grain). The spurs/knickers are useful in preventing tearout and defining a clean knife wall, but they score past the bottom of the dado, ...
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  • 1,587
2 votes
1 answer
789 views

To prepare SPF (spruce/pine/fir) tabletop before a finish: should I use scraping, planing, or sanding?

My tabletop is made of selected SPF boards and has been planed with a handplane. I've added breadboard ends to each end. I'm preparing the surface for a finish, and trying to avoid sanding altogether, ...
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  • 1,587
5 votes
2 answers
804 views

How should I set a hand plane down?

I've heard conflicting anecdotal advice on how to put down a hand plane. "Don't put a hand plane down on its bottom; always put it on its side or you'll throw off the blade." (source: Grandfather, ...
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4 votes
4 answers
9k views

How do I use a handplane to smooth a cutting board?

I've never used a hand plane before, but recently decided to give hand planing a go. I purchased a Lie-Nielsen No. 5 Jack Plane. For a project to experiment with, I threw together a simple long ...
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  • 191
2 votes
2 answers
697 views

Walnut or Jojoba oil before final smoothing plane

I was wondering if you plan to finish a piece with walnut or jojoba oil anyway, is there a downside to "pre-finishing" the piece before you finally smooth it? Since these oils don't go rancid they ...
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  • 968
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Planing thin material to consistent thickness using hand tools

Is there a special tool/setup for achieving a consistent thickness of thin stock that leaves a planed/smooth finish? Something like I imagine is used for Kumiko members? https://www.tanihata.co.jp/...
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  • 2,159
6 votes
4 answers
2k views

Respirator / Dust mask for hand tools?

Whats the safety regarding hand tools and dust masks? My hope is that in general hand tools will not produce fine enough dust to be concerned with. My assumptions are that using hand planes taking ...
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  • 968
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

getting edge of plane square to sole for shooting

I just finished putting together a shooting board and have noticed that none of my hand planes have sides which are square to the sole (Stanley/Bailey #4 w/ corrugated sole, #5 1/4, #6, Wood river low ...
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  • 968
7 votes
2 answers
889 views

hand plane controls (bevel down)

I finally got a decent craigslist haul of a #4, #5 1/4, #6 Stanley Bailey and a bunch of spare blades. I have been searching online and can find explanations for each of the adjustments. But I am ...
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  • 968
5 votes
3 answers
10k views

Most general purpose hand plane for limited budget

I have spent too many hours using my poor man's plane consisting of a flat block and a piece of sandpaper to flatten down my dovetail pins. I am looking to buy a hand plane and am a little ...
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  • 968
4 votes
1 answer
424 views

Best TOUGH clear finish for fragile wood-shaving flower?

I made a rose from Poplar planing scraps; the arranged, concentric, shavings are tissue-paper thin. I wanted to somehow seal and finish the flower so that it would have some degree of durability, ...
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  • 191
7 votes
1 answer
194 views

Static Electricity While Using a Hand Plane

I'm fairly new to using a hand plane and I've run into situation that seemed funny at first, but is getting a little more irritating. For whatever reason, the nice, long curly shavings I'm taking have ...
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  • 374
3 votes
2 answers
348 views

My hand-planed rebate goes downhill - what's wrong with my technique?

I'm hand-planing rebates in half-inch (12mm) birch plywood. The plane I'm using for this is an Axminster Rider No. 778 Duplex Rebate Plane. That's very similar to a Stanley No. 78 but the fence is ...
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6 votes
2 answers
3k views

Fettling a hand plane

I have a #5 faithfull handplane (don't judge me, I didn't know any better!) that I tried to get working last year and failed miserably, so it sat in the cupboard for 6 months whilst I sulked. Since ...
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  • 163
9 votes
5 answers
19k views

What is an electric planer (hand tool) good for?

This may be an opinion question... Someone recently gave me an old electric planer similar to And I'm wondering whether there is any task where it would really have an advantage over other tools ...
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  • 9,121
0 votes
1 answer
128 views

What are the steps in building a shooting board? [duplicate]

Now that I know what a shooting board is I want to make one. I see several videos on youtube on how to make one, but what should I be watching for and keep in mind? What are the steps in building a ...
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  • 1,855
6 votes
3 answers
11k views

How can I fix warping on board made of glued 2x4s

I built a tabletop gluing up seven 2x4s together, and it warped a lot. Two opposing corners are up and the others down. I know cheap construction 2x4s can warp, but can this be fixed? The only way ...
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  • 163
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to make a good joint by hand planing both edges at the same time?

In this comment on this question on jointing without a jointer it was stated that: there's a trick where, if you plane two edges at once, they'll fit together even if they aren't perfectly square ...
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  • 5,649