Hot answers tagged

25 votes
Accepted

What are these brown spots on my sandpaper?

What are these and should I worry? This is called corning and yes it is something to pay attention to. Corning is distinct from normal clogging — notice the dark colour, as opposed to dust clinging ...
user avatar
  • 59.2k
19 votes
Accepted

Recommendation for manual planing and sanding

when I am levelling out wood with my plane, I get little pits (likely I suspect from the blade chipping against denser areas. This is called tearout, it is not caused by denser areas of the wood (in ...
user avatar
  • 59.2k
17 votes
Accepted

Is sanding along the grain important?

In general yes, you will have a much nicer finish much faster by sanding with the grain. The larger the grit (60 vs. 100) will leave larger 'gouges' in the wood when sanding. The grit is an '...
user avatar
  • 15.1k
15 votes
Accepted

Best sander for rustic wood

What sander should I use for something like this? You need tools that can sand contoured objects. There are a number of options, and given the varied nature of your work you'll probably use more than ...
user avatar
  • 7,413
14 votes

What are the differences between sanding and scraping?

This is a very good topic to have here since there is active debate going on in woodworking circles about the overuse of sanding to smooth wood in the modern era. How do both techniques compare? In ...
user avatar
  • 59.2k
14 votes

How do I remove pencil and lumber crayon marks non-abrasively?

Don't make marks where they will show up on the finished piece in the first place. Prefer marking in places so the mark will be on the inside or use masking tape to hold the identifying marks.
user avatar
12 votes
Accepted

Is there any such thing as sanding something *too* fine for finishing?

That's a great question. Typically, the purpose of the first round of sanding is to hide surface blemishes in the wood (e.g., machine marks, dents, scratches). The purpose of the subsequent rounds of ...
user avatar
  • 4,156
11 votes
Accepted

In what situations would I use a belt sander versus a random orbit sander?

I like a belt sander when I need to really remove some material like paint for example, I think it cuts better. an Orbital I like for finer sanding it offers a lot more control.
user avatar
  • 388
11 votes

How can I prepare the end grain for stain, so that its final appearance matches the rest of the wood?

There are grain fillers which are often used on open grained wood like red oak to make it take a stain more evenly, using this on the end grain of a board should do the same thing. What you are ...
user avatar
  • 15.1k
11 votes
Accepted

Hand planing edge joined board without tearout

I would highly suggest a cabinet scraper. It is designed/used for this explicit purpose: smoothing the location where two separate pieces of wood meet, and smoothing their surface to be uniform. It is ...
user avatar
  • 1,772
11 votes
Accepted

Good way to sand wide curved faces

I'm working on a project that has a piece of curved (concave) crotch walnut...due to the grain direction of the crotch walnut it was very difficult for me to get a perfect surface finish. Instead of ...
user avatar
  • 12.1k
11 votes
Accepted

Issue sanding between coats of polyurethane

Referencing steps from the directions on the can and the Minwax website Let dry 4-6 hours. Then lightly sand entire surface with fine sandpaper (220 grit) to ensure an even finish and proper adhesion....
user avatar
  • 59.2k
11 votes

Orbital sander papers coming off

It sounds like you need to replace the pad on your sander. This is the "hook" part of the hook and loop system. This is a typical point of failure for orbital sanders, so it should be fairly easy to ...
user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

How much grit do I need?

I understand it's a matter of taste vs effort Actually not as much as people tend to believe. Sanding to 320 grit may itself be too high, and above 400 you can definitely run into problems. Some ...
user avatar
  • 59.2k
10 votes

What's the difference between a sheet sander and random orbit sander?

In addition to Rob's answer, the motion of both sanders is a bit different. Sheet sanders tend to move back and forth in a straight line, with small variation side to side. A random orbit sander ...
user avatar
  • 4,382
10 votes
Accepted

Orbital sander papers coming off

Be sure to check whether the hooks (part of the hook-and-loop) on the backing pad are intact (not melted) and not clogged, all the way out to the edge of the pad. Usually the hooks around the edge ...
user avatar
  • 18.6k
10 votes
Accepted

How do I achieve flush joinery when the pieces need to be stained differently?

Stain the pieces separately before they're glued up, hoping that I don't have to sand through the whole stain to get the joints flush. Even the deepest penetrating commercial stains, applied in the ...
user avatar
  • 59.2k
9 votes
Accepted

Removing existing stain from intricate woodwork?

It will be a lot of work but I have two different suggestions. Use your stain remover again, but this time be more specific and use an (old) toothbrush to apply it and 'clean' it back off when it is ...
user avatar
  • 15.1k
9 votes
Accepted

Respirator: do not use for hardwoods?

The fact that there is any warning at all probably has to do with the fact that the mask's rating is only FFP2 and it can only filter 94% of dust particles, whereas other masks can filter 99% or more. ...
user avatar
  • 18.6k
9 votes
Accepted

Is an oscillating multi-tool a good option for detailed sanding?

I've got a corded and a cordless oscillating multi tool, and they're amazing for corners, since the sanding pads for them are triangular with 60° corners. There are a few drawbacks that will keep you ...
user avatar
  • 4,328
9 votes

Recommendation for manual planing and sanding

This is likely to be related to the direction of the grain: So you should pick the direction of planing depending on which way the grain slopes. Unfortunately however, some timbers (particularly ...
user avatar
  • 3,809
9 votes
Accepted

Does the speed of sanding a piece of wood affect the end result?

A lower speed can be desirable if you're sanding between thin coats of finish or thin veneers, and you don't want to sand through the current coat or the veneer. But many of the lower-end or homeowner-...
user avatar
  • 18.6k
8 votes

How much grit do I need?

Adding to glw some of it depends on the wood. Some woods I've used 220 is as good as you are going to get, anything higher doesn't do anything and sometimes actually makes it look worse. Pine and ...
user avatar
  • 15.1k
8 votes

Cut, then Sand? Or Vice-versa

Unless your hole is too large, you should use a hole-saw bit for your drill rather than a jigsaw. If you can't, then make sure you're using a fine-toothed blade and some sacrificial scrap to prevent ...
user avatar
  • 5,394
8 votes
Accepted

What are the differences between sanding and scraping?

How do both techniques compare? In terms of result, cost, applicability to different kinds of wood, different shapes of work pieces and cleanliness of process. Good question. As a preamble to an ...
user avatar
  • 694
8 votes

What's the difference between a sheet sander and random orbit sander?

Sheet sanders usually take 1/4 or 1/2 sheet of sandpaper held in place with 2 clamps, though some can also take hook-and-loop paper. As Graphus pointed out, most models today have dust collection. ...
user avatar
  • 18.6k
8 votes

How do I remove pencil and lumber crayon marks non-abrasively?

It wasn't until I noticed that my once tight-fitting dados were now loose that I realized that I almost sanded through the top layer of the plywood in my efforts to remove the marks. You're not the ...
user avatar
  • 59.2k
8 votes
Accepted

Sanding the final coat of lacquer?

Try "sanding" it with a brown paper bag. That will be just abrasive enough to knock loose any dust nibs. It may polish the surface, though; try it on an inconspicuous area first to make sure you're ...
user avatar
  • 9,121
8 votes

Sanding inside pockets, fast

Bandfile Belt Sander Not advocating any particular product but showing the product picture Image from Harbour Frieght That should help you get into the tight spots quickly and efficiently. Only ...
user avatar
  • 20.1k
8 votes
Accepted

Sanding inside pockets, fast

Personally I would have aimed for an internal milled finish that didn't require sanding, that's the ideal. Obviously too late for that now and I don't know if that's possible with the Shopbot and the ...
user avatar
  • 59.2k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible