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This question is specifically asking how I should have oriented the grain from this piece of wood to create a stronger hammer handle. The closing of my Answer to this old question, What are some suitable woods to use for tool handles? covers this, and previously some other important points. In short, experience has shown that grain should run front to back ...


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Look at Patrick Sullivan's "end grain glue" video experiment on YouTube to be amazed by his analysis showing that end-grain glue joints are actually stronger than other grain orientations that have the same amount of bonded surface area. The reason that end-grain joints are dismissed is because the joint is usually small when separate end-grain ...


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I've recently done a fair amount of slotting, grooving, and holing in plywood and hardwood, so I may as well offer an answer. First of all, the typical answer for the usual commercial items you picture is: CNC. This is almost certainly how this is done at scale, even when making 10s of items for local gift shops. The comments mention another option of using ...


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