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11 votes
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What are the different grain directions, and how do they affect joint strength?

Update, September 2021 We might need to re-learn what we thought we knew about the strength of glue joints..... see Glue Myths: 1. End grain from Patrick Sullivan on YouTube. Spoiler alert: end grain |...
Graphus's user avatar
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7 votes

Using thick branches to make an end-grain cutting board?

I've read about branches having internal stresses and twisting/warping. The main reason not to use wood from branches normally is that it's full of reaction wood, wood that has internal stress from ...
Graphus's user avatar
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7 votes

How can I join two boards at the ends?

If you really want strength, you could cut a Kanawa Tsugi! It's a keyed scarf joint taken from the timber framing tradition of Japanese temple builders. There are examples where this joint has held up ...
Alexander Gruber's user avatar
7 votes

How can I join two boards at the ends?

In the woodworking industry, we have this type of joint very often on countertops, and other field joint scenarios. We usually use a combination of biscuits, for alignment, and tite joint fasteners, ...
Jacob Edmond's user avatar
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6 votes
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Should I treat end-grain on garden table with wood glue?

He also covers gluing end-grain (starting at ~5:20) and suggests making a "seizing"(at ~6:00), which is basically wood-glue mixed with some water to "seize" the wood before the ...
Graphus's user avatar
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6 votes

Gluing end-grain

Look at Patrick Sullivan's "end grain glue" video experiment on YouTube to be amazed by his analysis showing that end-grain glue joints are actually stronger than other grain orientations ...
Julia's user avatar
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5 votes
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How do you orient the grain in a tool handle that takes shocks?

This question is specifically asking how I should have oriented the grain from this piece of wood to create a stronger hammer handle. The closing of my Answer to this old question, What are some ...
Graphus's user avatar
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5 votes

How do you plane end grain?

I just hand-planed several dozen blocks for an end grain cutting board using my shooting board. It worked pretty well, there was minimal tearout on maybe 10% of the blocks. I could have improved on ...
Ben's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes

How can I join two boards at the ends?

Almost identical to Alexander Gruber’s answer, this design is from the great Roubo. It’s a matter of taste but it has fewer lines and uses diagonals for friction joints. Elegant solution.
Paul Murphy's user avatar
4 votes
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Endgrain screw withdrawal force

The resistance of screws to being pulled free has been studied widely and for a long time (1920s or earlier), both by individual companies testing their own and competitor products and by government ...
Graphus's user avatar
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4 votes

How to de-emphasize grain in red oak shelves

The more I read about it, the more I'm frustrated by the options, and I'm thinking about things like sealer, washcoating, grain filler, etc. This is part of the problem with finishing when you're ...
Graphus's user avatar
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4 votes

Is there a favourable direction for planing end grain?

I know the question is about grain direction and this may be obvious, but it's safer to plane over the edges from the outside towards the center of the piece. This avoids breakout. It can be a good ...
ww_init_js's user avatar
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3 votes

Can this end-grain cutting board be saved?

I bet this was a shock, goes to show the power of expanding wood! I think strictly speaking the answer to the question in the title is yes but it's likely beyond the scope of what a non-woodworker ...
Graphus's user avatar
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3 votes

Nails plus glue into endgrain vs screws plus glue vs dado (for shelf)

Dados would be best, since the mechanical part of the joint will carry most of the load. If you go with butt joints and fasteners, I'd suggest pocket screws instead of either nails or screws into end ...
Caleb's user avatar
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3 votes

How to de-emphasize grain in red oak shelves

Applying a sealer before staining will discourage stain from soaking into open grain more than closed grain. Using a tinted varnish rather than a true stain will also help achieve an even wash of ...
keshlam's user avatar
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3 votes

Using thick branches to make an end-grain cutting board?

Interesting idea; it never occurred to me. I have a few narrow branches that I thought weren't going to be usable for much more than veneer, but using your approach if I can get a few 1"x1" cross-...
keshlam's user avatar
  • 9,211
3 votes

Wood grain orientation vs. strength for screws + load

In this example, the wood grain direction is not your primary concern. In any situation, the load on the shelves will be too small to stress the supporting wood. This is because the screws and the ...
Volfram K's user avatar
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3 votes
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Can I oil wood if the pores are full of epoxy?

Will the wood still absorb polymerized linseed oil evenly This is very firmly a maybe. Sometimes visible filled grain/pores do indicate that if you oil (or use a finish that acts similarly to 'wet' ...
Graphus's user avatar
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3 votes
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How can I avoid tear out and get a smooth side on a circular plywood cutting board where the grain runs in various directions?

I'm trying to get the smoothest possible sides. TBH if the results in this one photo are fairly representative, what you're achieving already is pretty darned good :-) Many would be happy with this ...
Graphus's user avatar
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2 votes

Hand sawing cross or rip

But what if you are now cutting a dovetail slot (so the saw is now tilted 45 or so degrees). That's still a cross cut because you're sawing at 90° to the long grain. It's cutting actual dovetails ...
Graphus's user avatar
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2 votes

Food Safe Finish for Cutting Board

I made one as well and used grape seed oil. It’s working well after 6 months of daily use.
M.Mat's user avatar
  • 141
2 votes
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Food Safe Finish for Cutting Board

Mineral oil is a food safe finish for cutting boards. Though because it is not a drying oil meaning that it will not harden. It also means that the finish can be washed off. This results in proper ...
Chuck S's user avatar
  • 859
2 votes
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End-grain cutting block surface smoothness

These pits are a type of tearout, perhaps more accurately described as chipout although you do see the two terms used somewhat interchangeably. Is the appropriate next step to try to hand sand or ...
Graphus's user avatar
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2 votes

Endgrain screw withdrawal force

Upon my understanding, referencing the "Design of Wood Structures ASD/LRFD", (Donald E. Breyer & Kelly Cobeen), withdrawal loads into end grain is frowned upon. It really suggests that this type ...
Allen McCoin's user avatar
2 votes

What plane should I get for planing an antique end grain butcher block

Technicaly, you would be able to do it with a good smoothing plane with very tight mouth and really sharp blade - low angle plane could help (but only if the real cutting angle was lower than on "...
Jan Spurny's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

Filling screw holes in cutting board

Since this is an end-grain board filling the holes by glueing in dowels seems the ideal fix. But you could fill with a mix of sawdust (sanding dust) and glue and get a somewhat similar look. The ...
Graphus's user avatar
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1 vote

Possible to fix cupped end-grain cutting board?

It can depend on WHY it's cupping. if there is something in the wood, such as stresses that are being released, not much you can do. It doesn't sound like it's a poor job gluing it up, (as in to ...
bowlturner's user avatar
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