35 votes

How can I join two boards at the ends?

There is also a bit for routers that can make what is called a finger joint. It makes many narrow interlocking 'fingers' to increase the gluing surface area. This was designed for joining boards end ...
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27 votes
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How can I join two boards at the ends?

Dowels and biscuits are length-preserving, cheap and common ways of generating some long-grain glueing surface. They're not quite as strong as other solutions, but usually entirely sufficient. For ...
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  • 3,805
26 votes

How can I join two boards at the ends?

You can use a long lap joint here, but one of the standard ways to join two boards like this when cutting by hand is to form what's called a scarf joint. This is approved by the Federal Aviation ...
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25 votes
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How do you plane end grain?

In Western woodworking at least low-angle block planes are favoured for planing end grain. These will generally give the best result, but any plane can do it if the iron is sharp enough and you take a ...
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11 votes

How do you plane end grain?

For end grain a razor-sharp blade is most important, and you can skew your cut to slice the fibers rather than chop them. The type of plane isn't particularly important, but one with a low cutting ...
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11 votes

How can I prepare the end grain for stain, so that its final appearance matches the rest of the wood?

There are grain fillers which are often used on open grained wood like red oak to make it take a stain more evenly, using this on the end grain of a board should do the same thing. What you are ...
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11 votes
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What are the different grain directions, and how do they affect joint strength?

Update, September 2021 We might need to re-learn what we thought we knew about the strength of glue joints..... see Glue Myths: 1. End grain from Patrick Sullivan on YouTube. Spoiler alert: end grain |...
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11 votes
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Gluing end-grain

Update, 2021 The picture appears now to be a little more complex than previously supposed, see update to other Answer in What are the different grain directions, and how do they affect joint strength? ...
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7 votes
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Single glue-up for an end grain cutting board

Is this process mandatory or cosmetic? Well for that style of board it's mandatory for the cosmetics :-) Apart from allowing smaller offcuts to be used up, the standard board construction using ...
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7 votes
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What are the advantages of end-grain cutting boards?

The physical qualities of end-grain that make them desirable over side grain in a cutting board relate to the structure of wood itself. Viewed under a microscope, end-grain looks like a series of ...
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7 votes

What are the advantages of end-grain cutting boards?

One of the disadvantages is that end-grain absorbs moisture very well. This means that meat juice will seep in and not come out. Which makes it important to never use your meat board for vegetables. (...
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7 votes

How can I prepare the end grain for stain, so that its final appearance matches the rest of the wood?

I've heard (but haven't verified) that if you sand the end grain with a higher grit it will match the stain of the face grain (can't confirm). So, if you sand to 220 on the face grain, sand to 320 on ...
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7 votes

How can I join two boards at the ends?

If you really want strength, you could cut a Kanawa Tsugi! It's a keyed scarf joint taken from the timber framing tradition of Japanese temple builders. There are examples where this joint has held up ...
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7 votes

How can I join two boards at the ends?

In the woodworking industry, we have this type of joint very often on countertops, and other field joint scenarios. We usually use a combination of biscuits, for alignment, and tite joint fasteners, ...
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7 votes

Using thick branches to make an end-grain cutting board?

I've read about branches having internal stresses and twisting/warping. The main reason not to use wood from branches normally is that it's full of reaction wood, wood that has internal stress from ...
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6 votes

How can I join two boards at the ends?

Notice how many of the answers include the word "router" :) If you can lose as much on each end as the thickness, a box joint works. If one or the other side isn't visible, a board alongside the ...
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6 votes

How can I join two boards at the ends?

You could make a lap joint with a router, then put a few dowels of appropriate size through the joint at right angles to the boards to tie everything together so you're not counting on the shear ...
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6 votes
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Should I treat end-grain on garden table with wood glue?

He also covers gluing end-grain (starting at ~5:20) and suggests making a "seizing"(at ~6:00), which is basically wood-glue mixed with some water to "seize" the wood before the ...
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6 votes

How do I avoid tearout when planing end-grain?

Everything I've read says you need to clamp a waste block on the end of your board to prevent the tear out. It is even recommended to do this if you are using a router or jointer. By keeping the ...
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6 votes

Gluing end-grain

Look at Patrick Sullivan's "end grain glue" video experiment on YouTube to be amazed by his analysis showing that end-grain glue joints are actually stronger than other grain orientations ...
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5 votes

How do I avoid tearout when planing end-grain?

plane inwards from edges. chamfer the far edge and angle the plane. support the edge with sacrificial wood. use a shooting board.
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5 votes

How do you plane end grain?

I just hand-planed several dozen blocks for an end grain cutting board using my shooting board. It worked pretty well, there was minimal tearout on maybe 10% of the blocks. I could have improved on ...
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5 votes

Gluing end-grain

I have read that some will prep the end grain with a pre-glue job. apply some glue to the end grain and let it dry, then actually do the glue up job. However, you still have the issue that the ...
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5 votes

How can I join two boards at the ends?

Almost identical to Alexander Gruber’s answer, this design is from the great Roubo. It’s a matter of taste but it has fewer lines and uses diagonals for friction joints. Elegant solution.
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5 votes

How can I prepare the end grain for stain, so that its final appearance matches the rest of the wood?

The end grain always absorbs more finish because of capillary action in the fibers. The only way I can think of to prevent this would be to coat the ends in something that would block those fibers, ...
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5 votes
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How do you orient the grain in a tool handle that takes shocks?

This question is specifically asking how I should have oriented the grain from this piece of wood to create a stronger hammer handle. The closing of my Answer to this old question, What are some ...
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4 votes

How can I prepare the end grain for stain, so that its final appearance matches the rest of the wood?

End grain absorbs more stain/finish due to the capillary action of the wood fibers. In red oak they act like straws and just suck up a large amount of stain/finish. Sealing the end grain with various ...
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  • 1,176
4 votes

How can I prepare the end grain for stain, so that its final appearance matches the rest of the wood?

This question is a week and a half old but I'll answer with what helps me. I put thinned shellac onto the end grain of my projects which does a good job of sealing it. It slows the absorption of ...
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  • 1,669
4 votes

How to de-emphasize grain in red oak shelves

The more I read about it, the more I'm frustrated by the options, and I'm thinking about things like sealer, washcoating, grain filler, etc. This is part of the problem with finishing when you're ...
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