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17
votes
4answers
9k views

What are the differences between sanding and scraping?

How do both techniques compare? In terms of result, cost, applicability to different kinds of wood, different shapes of work pieces and cleanliness of process. I always used sandpaper to get a smooth ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What general considerations do I need to take into account for wood movement?

I know that wood movement is an issue, but it's a bit vague for me where I should be concerned with it. This page Suggests that there is almost no movement in the longitudinal direction, but that ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Are there specific types of screws I should use for woodworking?

I'm wondering what types of screws I should use for woodworking and what types I shouldn't be using as well. For example, Are deck screws OK? What about a square head vs. Phillips? Does the type of ...
8
votes
3answers
15k views

how to fix very light scratches in polyurethane finish?

I just got a nice new wooden table, and, being completely clueless about wood, scrubbed it with the rougher side of a dish sponge because it had some weird rough spots on the surface. Now it's ...
26
votes
6answers
88k views

How do I achieve a “piano black” high gloss finish on wood?

I'm building some speaker cabinets for my living room out of MDF. I'm wondering how to achieve that "high gloss" / "piano black" look, like on B&W speakers or, well, black pianos... Any ideas? I'...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

What do I need to do to prepare wood for gluing?

I would like to glue two pieces of pine together (at a right angle to eachother, flat sides together) using wood glue and nails. What do I need to do to prepare the wood?
10
votes
1answer
4k views

What are the different grain directions, and how do they affect joint strength?

What are the differences between edge grain, face grain, and long grain (and why not throw end grain in there while we're at it)? And which of these grain directions results in the strongest glue ...
17
votes
4answers
9k views

Methods of jointing without a jointer

I can't afford a jointer right now, and I am wondering, what are the tricks to getting a good joint(on the edges, not on the surface)? What I have tried in the past is simply nailing a straight board ...
4
votes
1answer
853 views

How can I tell if wood turning (lathe) chisels are sharp?

I have a set of large wood chisels given to me by a person that has never used them and doesn't know their history. I attempted to turn a small test bowl with them, but had tear-out type issues. How ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Large hole filler products, what is available

Now and then when turning I get holes and voids in my project. The pictures below had a branch going through the blank and popped out leaving a large hole to deal with. The hole is ~1" in diameter. ...
10
votes
2answers
8k views

Table saw top treatment

For years I've used Bostik TopCote (apparently now called GlideCote) to protect the cast iron top of my table saw. It has always worked very well: I have no rust on the top, and it provides a nice ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the maximum width for a full cross grain glue up?

I realize that every wood species expands and contracts slightly differently, but in general at what width should I consider using a floating breadboard edge detail rather than a full glue-up for ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

What's a bench hook?

Comments in What is a shooting board? have taken me further down the rabbit hole. What is a bench hook and how is it used?
13
votes
6answers
7k views

How can I make my own dowels?

I am in the process of designing a baby crib and am considering using vertical dowels for the sides. I am not looking forward to purchasing dowels which are pricey, hard to find in quantity and ...
18
votes
7answers
12k views

What is the difference between “curing” and “drying”?

When learning about different finishes, some resources talk about the finish's drying time, such as this Zinsser Shellac. The shellac dries to the touch in 15 minutes and can be re-coated in 45 ...
10
votes
4answers
7k views

How can you make a regular screw into a self tapping screw?

Assuming that it is even possible, how can you take a screw with a normal thread and point and make it into a pseudo self tapping screw? Screw on the right (assuming its uniform all the way around) ...
13
votes
4answers
7k views

What is a good way to prevent jointed tabletops from bowing when tightening fasteners or the glue sets?

I recently made a tabletop for a rolling tool cart using 2x4's jointed and pocket-screwed. When I set the table upon the cart I noticed a very serious bow, almost like I was starting to make a barrel!...
17
votes
2answers
101k views

Can I apply water-based polyurethane over an oil based stain?

I recently finished a dresser top in a very light gray oil based stain. Afterwards I applied a water based matte poly, because I didn't want any yellow tint to show on the light gray color (see this ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Leveling a finish/finishing the finish

I'm using Emmet's Good Stuff (poly gel varnish that you wipe on) as a finish on a walnut slab. I've read a lot about finishing online, but am a little confused about "leveling the finish." As I ...
8
votes
3answers
8k views

How do I temporarily attach two pieces of wood together for machining?

How do I temporarily attach two pieces of wood together, face to face, in a way that's strong enough that I can, say, run it through a saw, but that doesn't leave marks on the wood or get in the way ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Will these table legs support this table?

Will these table legs be able to support this table design or will they need additional supporting features? I'm specifically talking about the structural integrity of the legs, seeing as how they are ...
5
votes
1answer
350 views

Protecting against water damage

I am using an Ash slab for bathroom vanity top, what is best for sealing and protecting wood from water. Thank you
30
votes
5answers
46k views

What advantages does a dust collector have over a shop vac?

From what I know, dust collectors are generally quieter, hold more chips, and can support a larger hose than a shop vac. Besides this, are there any advantages related to suction? Can dust collectors ...
12
votes
4answers
22k views

How to straighten a warped board

So you have a board removed from a pallet that, once removed, shows significant warping. Or perhaps you bought some lumber and you didn't notice an imperfection. This is visible along the width of ...
19
votes
8answers
9k views

How do I ensure my drill is perfectly vertical before cutting a hole in my desk?

I want to cut a hole in my desk (3/4" furniture grade plywood with an oak veneer) to run cables through. I'll be using a hole saw and my cordless drill. Since this is going to be very visible, I want ...
17
votes
4answers
6k views

How does one aggressively sharpen chisels and plane irons when damaged?

I have a lot of finds from garage sales and from picking out tools from my grandfather's old shop. While he mostly keeps his tools in great working order he had some that I would guess he didn't feel ...
9
votes
3answers
16k views

How do I de-nib polyurethane after it dries but still maintain its finish?

Sometimes when I apply polyurethane, for whatever reason, it's not completely smooth. Maybe a brush mark here and there, or a couple little nibs, etc. The advice I see often is to sand the area ...
4
votes
2answers
321 views

hand plane controls (bevel down)

I finally got a decent craigslist haul of a #4, #5 1/4, #6 Stanley Bailey and a bunch of spare blades. I have been searching online and can find explanations for each of the adjustments. But I am ...
13
votes
4answers
13k views

Gluing end-grain

Reading Is glue the best permanent join? and How can I join two boards at the ends? it sounds like the consensus is that gluing end-grain just doesn't work well. As this answer explained, When ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Not-so-obvious disadvantages of butt joints

Having just completed my first woodworking project (a twin-size bed made of 1x poplar and plywood), there are of course many things I would change if I were to do it again. Perhaps one of the more ...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

Is there a 'best' way to sharpen an edged tool like a chisel?

There are a bewildering variety of sharpening methods out there and many opinions as to which might be the best. Is there a best way? What are some good references on the subject?
33
votes
5answers
52k views

What is the difference between a rip-cut and a cross-cut?

In this answer talks about rip and crosscuts and that one saw is better for ripping than one that is more suited for crosscutting. What is the difference between the 2 cuts and why would a saw-blade ...
26
votes
4answers
6k views

What is special about wood glue?

Whenever I'm joining wood together, no matter what type of joint, I turn to wood glue. But there are other glues out there, such as epoxies and Gorilla Glue. It seems the alternatives are very strong ...
26
votes
8answers
31k views

How can I join two boards at the ends?

I want to join two boards end-to-end, effectively making a longer board. Thus, the glue will be on the end grain of both pieces (highlighted blue.) (Source: self) I know that an end-grain butt joint ...
18
votes
5answers
4k views

How do experts make dovetails by hand that fit so well?

I keep coming across various YouTube videos of experts making dovetail joinery by hand, and they get tolerances of the 1/16" of an inch or less. What I don't understand is how they get such accuracy ...
15
votes
2answers
964 views

What is a shooting board?

This answer regarding preventing tearout when planing end-grain suggests using a shooting board. What is it, and how does it prevent tearout?
16
votes
4answers
16k views

What kind of wood dust is toxic/dangerous and requires usage of dust mask?

I have a dust mask but I wonder if it is worth wearing when working on pine wood. I do wear it when working a piece of oak or beech. Would you consider cutting some wood species without a mask safe? ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

What finish is suitable for a childrens toy?

I'm designing a children's toy and I need it to have a non toxic, water resistant finish that can withstand being put in mouths, being thrown around and that is easy to clean.
23
votes
5answers
9k views

How do I prevent chipping when cutting a veneered counter top with a circular saw?

I bought a fake butcher block counter from Ikea which is really a veneer over particle board. No matter how I cut it, I can't seem avoid slight chips in the veneer. I'm using a 7 1/4" circular saw ...
16
votes
6answers
2k views

Does it matter what kind of diamond stone I get?

I am looking into getting a set of diamond stones so I can start some serious sharpening. I am doing some now with sandpaper but I am starting to find aspects tedious and am looking at other options. ...
13
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the difference between a dutchman patch and a butterfly patch?

In How can I repair a split in a board?, the accepted response suggests a "dutchman patch," but I'm getting mixed messages from various sources. Some show a dutchman as being the removal of damaged ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Fettling a hand plane

I have a #5 faithfull handplane (don't judge me, I didn't know any better!) that I tried to get working last year and failed miserably, so it sat in the cupboard for 6 months whilst I sulked. Since ...
16
votes
4answers
14k views

At what stage of basic furniture making should I “finish” the wood?

I have purchased wood in order to make some basic furniture: One of these will be placed outside (simple table), One inside the bathroom, (basic chest of drawers) And another in the hall way (shoe ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I make a mortise and tenon joints by hand

I am starting a new project and intend to use more joinery techniques. I am going to make a chair, and I was hoping to create some mortise and tenon joints for the chair that I am making. I do not ...
14
votes
2answers
6k views

What does “stickering wood” mean?

I have seen the term "stickering wood" mentioned on a few other sites, but no one seems inclined to define what it means. Is this where you pile wood in stacks with sticks between the boards to allow ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

What criteria would want me to bevel my chisel in a certain way

In my continuing attempts to learn all the things another question stemmed from watching a chisel sharpening video from Paul Sellers. When sharpening his new chisel (he explained that he does this to ...
10
votes
2answers
10k views

Should I finish before, during, or after assembly? [duplicate]

I'm building some pretty basic bookshelves. I intend to assemble them with glue. I also intend to sand them, apply stain, shellac, and polyurethane. Should I: Dry fit, glue, sand, finish? Or dry fit, ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

When sharpening, how do I assess what grit to start on?

My question is about sharpening edge tools such as plane irons or chisels. How do I establish, when looking at a tool, what grit to start the sharpening process on? It's clearly always possible to ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Stabilizer for softwood tabletop that bows

I am building a cheap dining table out of cedar 2x4's. This is obviously not my first choice for wood but money was my limiting factor. I have planed them down to size and biscuit joined them together ...
7
votes
5answers
50k views

What are the techniques to seal or remove sap?

For starters this is not green-wood. I have been cutting up some 2x4 into small blocks for painting and decoration. The block were cut and then sanded. About 3 days later I had the time to paint them....

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