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A film finish which hardens or cures to form a protective layer. Polyurethane, lacquer, and shellac are some examples of common types of varnish.

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1answer
99 views

Salvaging Failed Spar Varnish/Danish Oil Finishing Layers on Redwood Live-Edge Slab

This question is a follow-up/continuation to another SO question of mine with added detail and hopefully a better explanation of my approach and current state of the board. The state of the wood slab ...
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1answer
90 views

Finishing/Buffing/Polishing Redwood Slab with Oil-based Varnish thinned with Danish Oil

I have a 3x5 ft Redwood slab with 1 coat of varnish/danish oil (50/50) mixture and 1 coat (last applied) of just varnish. I applied fairly thick coats for both layers. The varnish The Danish oil I ...
5
votes
1answer
36 views

Will thinning oil-based varnish facilitate curing at cool temperatures?

So my northern California shop temp is hovering between 40 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit this time of year. This is too cool for oil-based varnish to cure. So I was wondering if thinning the varnish and ...
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0answers
31 views

Making tung oil varnish matte? [duplicate]

I applied this to a table I'm refinishing: http://myoldmasters.com/product/tung-oil-varnish/ It looks good, but it's very glossy and I'd prefer a more matte finish. Is there some way of sanding it ...
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0answers
69 views

Can Varathane water based finish be applied on oiled wood?

I recently stained a family heirloom table top and due to moving waited on putting the finish on it. I should have known better; although as hard as I tried the table top endured a little water ...
2
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1answer
191 views

Rough polyurethane job.

I applied poly after staining what I thought was a smooth surface pine board. Rough when first coat dried. Sanded it lightly and is fairly smooth. I want to apply another coat but dust is sticking to ...
1
vote
1answer
780 views

Should I apply my stain/varnish before or after drilling hundreds of tightly packed little holes

I have a small project during which I drill hundreds of little holes (the largest of which is 1/8 in.). Typically, I have always started with this process, then added ornamental carvings/burnings, ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

Wear out of wooden floor

In a dance studio I have a flooring from engineered wood, with top layer ~3mm ash. After 2 years the heavily used spot looks like this: While in the corner, where there's not much traffic, it looks ...
4
votes
3answers
635 views

Should I seal my bed slats, and if yes, with what?

I hired someone to put together bed slats for my new bed. The bed frame comes with center support for the slats that he's building and the slats will be screwed down onto the center slat and the side ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Sealing MDF so it doesn't absorb moisture

I've made frames out of mdf and there are quite a few exposed edges. How should I seal the MDF? Should I seal only the edges or seal the whole surface? Please note that these frames are to be used ...
5
votes
3answers
112 views

Easy but tough shelving finish

I've made a utility-grade shelving unit for one of our extra-bedroom closets: The stiles and cleats are resawn, cherry-picked kiln-dried dimensional SPF from the big orange store. The shelves are ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

How long does it take for the odor to go away after applying varnish?

I recently refinished our dining room table using Minwax stain and urethane. My question is why hasn't this overpowering smell gone away? Its been two weeks now and I can't stand the smell yet. Its ...
4
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2answers
950 views

Can I spray “brushing lacquer”?

At my local home improvement store, they only have spray cans of lacquer and brushing lacquer(Minwax clear brushing lacquer). I'm thinking it would be cheaper and faster if I could just use the quarts ...
3
votes
2answers
303 views

Protecting wooden plant pot from water damage

I am building a large container for plants, made of pine. Considering that the inside will be in direct permanent contact with moist earth, what is an appropriate treatment to prevent wood ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Finishing a desk or tabletop?

I am wanting to make my own computer desk and I am not sure in the steps I need to take to finish it in regards to oiling and applying something like polyurethane which seems to be used in all the ...
15
votes
2answers
584 views

How do I properly care for my paintbrushes?

I have been diligently cleaning my paintbrushes after use by rinsing them in the recommended solvent (in this case mineral turpentine). Nonetheless, this last time my paintbrush hardened into a solid ...
7
votes
1answer
752 views

What is the difference between wiping polyurethane and wiping varnish?

I make my own wiping polyurethane by thinning regular oil-based poly from home improvement stores with mineral spirits. According to Bob Flexner, the only difference between this and polyurethane-...
12
votes
2answers
16k views

Which solvents can be stored in which plastics? — is there an organic chemist in the house?

Now that coffee cans, and even larger glass bottles, are becoming hard to find, my workshop's pile of containers is mostly plastic. This has me wondering/worrying about which plastics might be ...
6
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4answers
1k views

What's the best way to remove varnish from recycled wood flooring?

I've got a bunch of recycled hardwood flooring that I plan to use for shop projects and possibly nicer furniture. How should I remove the varnish? Would it be preferable to use the thickness planer ...
13
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2answers
26k views

Finishing schedule for live edge walnut slab

I'm working on a live edge walnut slab coffee table. This is a photo of the bottom side of the table before any finish is applied sanded to 220 (for reference the holes are for threaded inserts that ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Leveling a finish/finishing the finish

I'm using Emmet's Good Stuff (poly gel varnish that you wipe on) as a finish on a walnut slab. I've read a lot about finishing online, but am a little confused about "leveling the finish." As I ...
25
votes
5answers
70k views

How do I achieve a “piano black” high gloss finish on wood?

I'm building some speaker cabinets for my living room out of MDF. I'm wondering how to achieve that "high gloss" / "piano black" look, like on B&W speakers or, well, black pianos... Any ideas? I'...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

What should I use to apply a water-based varnish?

I've used in the past foam brushes to apply my water-based varnish. I'm wondering if there's other types of brush that can be used and what are the advantages and disadvantages.
11
votes
2answers
462 views

Evening reflectivity of a finish after “finishing the finish”

I recently installed butcher block countertops in my kitchen. Several weeks ago, I put four coats of varnish on them, but (as always) they ended up with dust nibs. So yesterday, I wet sanded with 400 ...
32
votes
4answers
20k views

What's the purpose of raising the grain before finishing a furniture piece?

I'm currently working on a entry bench in black walnut. I'm wondering if I should raise the grain before finishing my bench or not. In the past, I haven't done so. I've heard that it's better to ...