Questions tagged [terminology]

Use where you need help with finding, defining or explaining terms used in woodworking for tools or techniques.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5
votes
1answer
33 views

Twisted carving in legs or balusters

I have seen a twisted style of wood carving used in 19th-century table legs or staircase balusters. What is it called?
8
votes
5answers
7k views

Are there any differences between jigsaws, sabre saws, or scroll saws?

From what I was taught, a scroll saw is a table top saw, with a thin blade used for scrolling work. Though I've also heard these tools referred to as jigsaws. Manufacturers also offer portable saws, ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between flush trim, pattern, and template router bits?

I see router bits marketed as flush trim bits, pattern bits, template bits, but they all seem to be similar in design. The cutting edges are exactly lined up with a bearing, so that an exact copy of a ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Ripping vs Resawing - is there a reason for the difference?

While I understand the technical difference between ripping a board in two vs resawing a board into thinner boards, is there a technical reason for the distinction? Granted, thinner pieces of wood ...
5
votes
2answers
10k views

What part of a cabinet is the “carcass”?

What is a carcass (or carcase)? Does the term have general usages in woodworking outside of cabinetry? A cabinet, for example, consider the American style one on the right: If I remove the doors, ...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

Are these brass “cross caps” (used on type cases) still made?

I am thinking of making some wooden cases for various tools, parts and so on. In some ways they are baby cousins of (and inspired by) printers' type cases. Some type cases have brass "caps" on the ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

What is “matrix gluing” (as opposed to “surface gluing”)

A friend of mine is interviewing for a chemist position at a glue factory. As part of the interview, she has been asked to prepare a short presentation on the difference of "matrix gluing vs surface ...
14
votes
2answers
6k views

What does “stickering wood” mean?

I have seen the term "stickering wood" mentioned on a few other sites, but no one seems inclined to define what it means. Is this where you pile wood in stacks with sticks between the boards to allow ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

joinery terminolgy for posts in apple boxes / crates

Is there a specific name for the vertical posts with triangular cross-section used to join together the sides of traditionally made apple boxes / crates? or are these just called something fairly ...
5
votes
2answers
717 views

Furniture name for waist-high floor-sitting shelf cabinet thing

I'm working on this thing (60" wide x 41.75" high [elbow height] x 14" deep) (shelves on left and right are adjustable, I might ditch the little border thing on top): It's purpose is general storage ...
4
votes
1answer
407 views

What is the difference between a crosscut sled and a table saw boat?

I'm a beginner in wood working and want to ensure my safety and accuracy in my projects. What is the difference between a "crosscut sled" and a "table saw boat"?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is aircraft plywood? What is it used for?

I was looking at boomerangs and ran across the term "aircraft plywood". Going further they just seem to be talking about spruce as in "spruce goose". Does the term "aircraft plywood" have any special ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

What is the draw knife technique with pencil marks called?

I've seen someone shape a piece of wood with a draw knife by marking the wood in places with a pencil, then drawing the knife over the area until the mark was gone. Then repeating. He seemed to be ...
9
votes
2answers
804 views

What is a board foot?

Considering this lumber sales site, what is a board foot? I am use to seeing lumber measured width by height, but these products are measured thickness by board feet.
3
votes
2answers
460 views

What is a camber exactly?

I was reading about extendable tables I saw the word camber. What does it mean? What steps do I need to take to avoid it. I tried looking it up but the information was about aligning tires of a ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Does this butt joint with a beveled profile have a name?

I am trying to come up with a joint that I can use for a frame that will have beveled inside corners, where I can cut the bevels cleanly on my router, and that isn't a miter (I don't want the 45 ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Determining flexibility of wood types from charts and tables

If I'm looking for a type of wood that has very little flexibility (or one that has a lot), what wood metrics should I look for in tables / charts / lists to judge relative flexibility? Is the Janka ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

What are #1, #3, #324 Wood Pegs

I'm planning on making a rocking tractor from the Cherry Tree plans , which call for #1, #3, #57, and #324 wood pegs. Does anybody know what these are exactly? The wood toy parts supplier web pages I'...
5
votes
1answer
289 views

“Annealing” wood?

Is there a process for wood similar to annealing for metals to relieve internal stress? For example, if I have a thin piece of oak used for trim that is bowed sideways (bowed parallel to trimmed face)...
18
votes
7answers
12k views

What is the difference between “curing” and “drying”?

When learning about different finishes, some resources talk about the finish's drying time, such as this Zinsser Shellac. The shellac dries to the touch in 15 minutes and can be re-coated in 45 ...
2
votes
1answer
633 views

What do Kerf, Dado, Rabbet, Tenon and Mortise mean? [closed]

I'm looking for an explanation of the terms. Dovetail I can pretend to understand, as it is what it is. But Kerf? Dado? Rabbet? Tenon and Mortise? There are of course many more but these are my ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

What is a wedged through tenon and how is it used?

What is a wedged through tenon and how is it constructed? How is it different than a "standard" mortise and tenon? When should it be used?
15
votes
2answers
2k views

What's a bench hook?

Comments in What is a shooting board? have taken me further down the rabbit hole. What is a bench hook and how is it used?
5
votes
3answers
1k views

What is this type of screw from a piece of flat-pack furniture called?

Does anyone know what this type of screw is called in the UK? I ask because I have some flat pack furniture that has been sitting in the attic for ages, and now I try to assemble it I find some of ...
15
votes
2answers
956 views

What is a shooting board?

This answer regarding preventing tearout when planing end-grain suggests using a shooting board. What is it, and how does it prevent tearout?
13
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the difference between a dutchman patch and a butterfly patch?

In How can I repair a split in a board?, the accepted response suggests a "dutchman patch," but I'm getting mixed messages from various sources. Some show a dutchman as being the removal of damaged ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the handles/wheels called when making a homemade vise (like a moxon?)

I would really like to make my own vises, like moxon, tail vise, etc. I'd love to be able to afford the benchcrafted kits but they are price-prohibitive. I've seen people make them out of press ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How do you pronounce dado?

When perusing woodworking articles online, I often read about dado joints made with dado cuts using dado blades. SilentC at the English language Wikipedia GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0, via Wikimedia Commons ...
4
votes
4answers
852 views

What is luster?

I've seen finishes (and finishing techniques) described as providing a lot of "luster". I can understand matte, which is similar to satin, and that sheen is akin to gloss. But what do people mean when ...