Questions tagged [staining]

The tools and techniques surrounding the process of coloring the wood while maintaining the appearance of the grain.

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37
votes
4answers
38k views

What's the purpose of raising the grain before finishing a furniture piece?

I'm currently working on a entry bench in black walnut. I'm wondering if I should raise the grain before finishing my bench or not. In the past, I haven't done so. I've heard that it's better to ...
29
votes
8answers
46k views

Stain then glue, or vice-versa?

After you've fabricated your pieces, is it better to "glue-up", then stain? Or is it better to stain first, then glue? What's a good rule-of-thumb?
26
votes
5answers
4k views

How can I prepare the end grain for stain, so that its final appearance matches the rest of the wood?

Despite doing a great deal of sanding on the end grain, and getting it just as smooth as the rest of the wood, it always soaks up more stain than the rest, and turns out much darker and different. Is ...
18
votes
2answers
166k views

Can I apply water-based polyurethane over an oil based stain?

I recently finished a dresser top in a very light gray oil based stain. Afterwards I applied a water based matte poly, because I didn't want any yellow tint to show on the light gray color (see this ...
16
votes
5answers
79k views

Should you always use Pre-Stain?

I've read that wood conditioner (also known as pre-stain) helps prevent blotching, but it 'designed' for use with soft or porous wood. I've got an 80x36x1" red oak panel that I think I'm going to ...
11
votes
3answers
14k views

Glue spots under stain

I have two pieces of plywood that I joined with biscuits and wood glue (wiping away all excess glue after joining the two pieces. I then sanded the whole piece down to 220 grit. After staining there ...
11
votes
2answers
923 views

How do I correct extreme crossgrain cupping?

I was staining a set of pieces of unfinished pine for a dresser (ikea furniture) on my rooftop. First coat was put on last night around 9pm, and I was planning on doing the second coat this morning ...
10
votes
2answers
19k views

Wood conditioner between stain layers

When putting multiple coats of stain on a piece of wood, should wood conditioner be applied between each coat or only before the first coat?
9
votes
2answers
31k views

I accidentally used woodglue that doesn't stain. How do I fix it?

I used hidden screws and wood glue on the joints of the legs and supports of a table*. When I started to stain the piece of furniture with a very dark stain, it simply would not take on the areas ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Best method to stain the “side” of a project

I wasn't sure how to stain the 1" side of my desktop (an 80x30x1" red oak panel), so I thought painter's tape would be a good idea to only stain half at a time. (Half while doing the "bottom" of the ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

How do I prevent stain from being removed during sanding?

I am refinishing an old Remington 870 stock birch stock. I stained it with a dark cherry colored stain, and then began to apply Hope's 100% tung oil. I had read to wait at least a day before sanding ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Interior or Exterior stain for garage steps and shelves?

So obviously with an outside patio you'd use exterior stain, and a bedroom desk you'd use interior stain. But I have no idea what type of stain to use for wood that's located in the garage? The ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Which woods work well with ammonia?

I love the traditional look of quarter sawn oak and the patina finish achieved by gassing the wood with ammonia. Are there other woods that react well by gassing with ammonia? If there are could you ...
8
votes
3answers
159 views

How challenging is it to sand a stained oak floor?

I am about to do a little touching up of a stained oak floor. I am concerned that sanding the floor with a machine would be infeasible because it means that the stain would be gone from some parts ...
7
votes
3answers
909 views

I wonder how this alternating stain effect is made

I saw this example in a how-to page of sashco company!. I'm wondering how all the samples have a lighter and darker shade. Is it a double applying of the same product on it's right side? And how can ...
7
votes
1answer
189 views

How do I achieve flush joinery when the pieces need to be stained differently?

When people need flush corner joints (say, dovetails), I usually see them glue the piece up, sand or plane the joint flush, and then apply stain to the whole thing. That won't work for me, because I ...
7
votes
2answers
17k views

How long should I wait for staining a new deck?

I recently built a deck in my backyard with pressure treated wood and was also planning on staining it for color and weather proofing. However all of the wood came very wet, cutting through the pieces ...
7
votes
1answer
191 views

How do I remove a watermark?

I have a lot of wood furniture in my home. Unfortunately, they have watermarks (rings) on them from sweating cups/glasses. It is very unattractive to me and my guests. Is there a way to remove it?
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Chlorine bleach on poplar

While experimenting with stains and struggling with a moderately green piece of poplar, I found that I really like the results of: Brush concentrated Clorox bleach, leave for 5 minutes then wipe. Let ...
7
votes
1answer
79 views

Questions about my custom stain and cleanup

As some know I was experimenting with making my own stain using vinegar and nails removed pallets. I used white vinegar and a couple hundred nails in a 5 gallon pail. In the end I have a stain that ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What qualities do tea and steel wool vinegar offer as stains?

I stumbled upon the below picture today via social media titled Aging Wood Instantly. The method shortly summed is staining the wood first with black tea and then, after drying, with vinegar that's ...
6
votes
2answers
517 views

How can I match a finish on furniture when re-finishing?

I have two pieces of maple furniture, a desk with a large water stain, and a kitchen table with minor scratches an exposed wood. My problem is my wife loves the finishes on these pieces of furniture, ...
6
votes
2answers
185 views

How can I finish a piece consisting of multiple species to yield an overall cohesive appearance?

So a long time ago I inquired about a project regarding a board game table. Well, we planned it out, scouted the wood, bought it, cut it up, and now we're on assembly! For the outer visible portion ...
6
votes
2answers
232 views

Should I attempt to stain to all of the trim in a room (floor to ceiling)?

I have a dining room with some nice oak wainscoting, ceiling trim and faux beams. There are also four windows, and two doors. All with trim. I have stripped off all of the paint applied by prior ...
6
votes
2answers
175 views

How is a “paintbrushed” distressed texture created?

Today at a bar we sat at a table that looked like this: Some of the darkened areas looked like darkening related to the wood grain while others resembled brush strokes, but only if you looked closely....
6
votes
2answers
55k views

What woods take stain well?

I'm just getting into woodworking, and I have a number of relatively simple projects (end tables, boxes, bookshelves, etc) that I would like to make, but I want them to match. Water based stain is ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Dry time between General Finishes waterborne stain and topcoat?

My project consists of maple plywood with maple veneer edge banding. I plan on using General Finishes waterborne stain, followed by a waterborne polyurethane outdoor varnish. How long do I need to ...
6
votes
1answer
666 views

Should I use a router before or after my finish is done?

First time poster so forgive me if my question is worded poorly. I have a wood art piece that I'm coming close to finishing. I plan on routing out the back of the piece to lay in some LED lights to ...
6
votes
0answers
178 views

How can I use tea to replicate the look of ammonia fumed wood? [closed]

A comment by dfife on the Q&A Which woods work well with ammonia? says: You can also soak any piece of wood in tea (or something else high in tannins) and give it a higher degree of tannins. I'...
5
votes
2answers
861 views

How can I stain birch plywood to match sapele?

First of all, can it be done? If so, how does one mix and match stains to achieve the right color? Is it highly unlikely that I'll get it right?
5
votes
2answers
278 views

Best way to apply stain

I made a shoe-rack from Spruce and applied a couple of coats of clear matt varnish. My wife wanted a darker colour so I went to the local store where the only suitable product with the right colour ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Should pre stain be used with gel stain?

I have read that gel stain sits on top of the wood, rather than soaking into it, and pre stain helps with uniform absorption of stain. Does this then mean that pre stain is not necessary when using ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I fix blotchy grey stain that was not absorbed evenly into pine?

I am having someone stain brand new pine steps. He prepped and sanded but the stain absorbed unevenly and almost not at all in certain places. It's Duraseal quick coat (GREY color). The guy staining ...
5
votes
1answer
22k views

How long does it take for the odor to go away after applying varnish?

I recently refinished our dining room table using Minwax stain and urethane. My question is why hasn't this overpowering smell gone away? Its been two weeks now and I can't stand the smell yet. Its ...
5
votes
1answer
653 views

How to fix water damage to wooden table

I have a wooden table, which I accidentally spilled water onto yesterday. I thought it would simply dry, but a couple of hours later I noticed that the water had pooled on the wood and the surface ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Choosing a vinegar when making my own oxidizing stain

I have been collecting old nails from pallets that I have been tearing down and only realized now why I was keeping them. I am going to try and make my own stain. There are several tutorials online ...
5
votes
1answer
747 views

Ran into a few issues while staining my table top

My table top is made out of ash. There were a few spots that didn't take the stain well. Any suggestions on how to approach fixing these spots? This is my first build, so any help is appreciated!
5
votes
1answer
551 views

How to remove CA glue stains on wood?

I’m trying to remove some stains off those red maple veneers that were glued together with CA adhesive. I’ve sanded the veneers as much as I could but their thickness make it hard to go too deep into ...
5
votes
1answer
43k views

Wood Staining is blotchy and black…HELP!

I've searched and searched but I cannot find anything on the internet that looks close to my bad stain job, so here's the low down: I'm finishing my dining room tabletop and chair seats. I'm using oil ...
5
votes
1answer
16k views

Applying oils over stains

As we learned from Can I apply water-based polyurethane over an oil based stain? it is possible to do just that under certain conditions. I would like to broaden that question if possible. Finishing ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Tongue and Groove Wall Paneling

I was planning on doing this project exactly as the blog author stated she did it. The project is a paneled wall that looks like the following image. It looks like Lowe's stopped carrying the ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I match gunstock oak with pine?

I have gunstock oak flooring and would like to match a piece of pine furniture to it. Any ideas how to achieve this? I'm open to liquid or gel stains, but would like to avoid veneers as it's ...
4
votes
2answers
22k views

Can you apply wood with glue over stained areas?

I am making a chest for my son. Was going to stain then assemble but have decided on the assemble, sand, stain method. However I will be gluing wooden letters to the lid of the chest and have seen ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

What is an easy way to seal wood for outdoor garden use

Trying not to use pressure treated wood for garden beds, chemical leeching. Would like to use regular wood(cedar is a bit expensive for me right now). Looking for a suggestion on what to use to treat(...
4
votes
6answers
16k views

Use Baby oil instead of mineral oil on cutting boards

I use mineral oil when I make cutting boards because it makes it pop. But I have not been finding any. Would baby oil be a good or decent replacement? Is there any other oils that would work, maybe ...
4
votes
2answers
847 views

Oil based stain over water based fire retardant

I'd like to treat some wood (raw pine) with a water-based class A flame retardant (Flameseal WSA), but also stain it with an oil based stain (garden variety Minwax or Varathane). I'm a bit unsure of ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Do I need to add natural stain before applying polyurethane for natural finish?

I have an unfinished desk and want to keep the natural color of the wood but I want to protect it with a clear polyurethane finish. I am wondering if I need to (or is it preferable to) add a clear or ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Voids, epoxy and staining compatibility

TL;DR: How do I fix this, and have it match the final color? I'm getting ready to join some 10.5"-wide red oak for a table top, and one of the boards has a void on an edge, right in the middle (...
4
votes
1answer
511 views

Outdoor gate build - should I treat cut surfaces (half-lap joints) before gluing together?

New to woodworking and doing first project which is a garden gate. I am using pressurized 2x4 timber for the frame. To join the vertical and horizontal timbers together, I am using the half-lap joint (...