Questions tagged [sanding]

Using abrasives to smooth or shape wood. Techniques, recommendations

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26
votes
5answers
4k views

How can I prepare the end grain for stain, so that its final appearance matches the rest of the wood?

Despite doing a great deal of sanding on the end grain, and getting it just as smooth as the rest of the wood, it always soaks up more stain than the rest, and turns out much darker and different. Is ...
21
votes
2answers
3k views

Is sanding along the grain important?

I've heard from various sources that you must always sand in the direction of the grain. Is this always true? Does it depends on the sanding paper's grit, tool used or the wood being sanded? What ...
18
votes
4answers
14k views

What are the differences between sanding and scraping?

How do both techniques compare? In terms of result, cost, applicability to different kinds of wood, different shapes of work pieces and cleanliness of process. I always used sandpaper to get a smooth ...
17
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3answers
10k views

Is there any such thing as sanding something *too* fine for finishing?

I know you can get sandpaper in super-high grits, like 2000 grit and higher. I guess there's a point of diminishing returns for sanding wood projects, but is it possible to use too high a grit prior ...
15
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3answers
1k views

Recommendation for manual planing and sanding

I am a hobbyist who spends a lot of time manually preparing "plaques" of wood primarily for the purpose of relief carving and/or pyrography. I have very few tools, but what I do have (relevant to this ...
15
votes
2answers
15k views

What are these brown spots on my sandpaper?

Disclaimer: I am not very experienced in woodworking. I am currently sanding my desk, which has become dirty over time. If I look at the sandpaper, it's got brown spots on it, like this: What are ...
15
votes
4answers
3k views

Does the speed of sanding a piece of wood affect the end result?

Does the speed of sanding a piece of wood affect the end result? In particular, what is the point of having a dual speed random orbital sander?
14
votes
6answers
6k views

How do I remove pencil and lumber crayon marks non-abrasively?

I'm building a small project out of 1/4" Baltic birch plywood. I marked up the boards with lumber crayons and then wrote cut marks and part identifications with a pencil. I did most of my sanding ...
14
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5answers
22k views

In what situations would I use a belt sander versus a random orbit sander?

I own both a belt sander and random orbit sander. I've found that as I've worked on improving my finishing technique, I will oftentimes go for the random orbit sander over any other sanding ...
14
votes
2answers
152k views

Issue sanding between coats of polyurethane

So I am playing with finishes for the first time and experimenting with polyurethane. My problem involves quoting the instructions on the can and giving some background into my process. Bear with me. ...
12
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4answers
14k views

Is an oscillating multi-tool a good option for detailed sanding?

I am just wondering if these tools would be we suited for small spaces and sanding in corners.
12
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3answers
34k views

What's the difference between a sheet sander and random orbit sander?

I'm looking for a sander and as I browse through the various offerings I can see that most manufactures offer both a sheet sander and a random orbit sander. Aside from the shape of the sanding ...
12
votes
2answers
872 views

Respirator: do not use for hardwoods?

I've got 3M Power Tool Respirator (product page). It has a sander tool icon on the cover yet it reads "Do not use for hardwoods". From the wikipedia it seems as hardwood refers to all kinds of trees ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Cut, then Sand? Or Vice-versa

I have a rough-sanded red oak panel (120 grit). I need to make a small circular cut with a jigsaw for a grommet. I plan on sanding the panel with 150, then 180 grit, in preparation for either staining ...
11
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3answers
6k views

Can I really use my table saw as a disc sander?

When looking through a tool catalog from the 1950s I noticed that Shopmaster sold a sanding disc for their table saw. I looked around online and found discs that fit my saw still available, e.g. here ...
10
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4answers
2k views

How much grit do I need?

At my woodshop, it's typically suggested that I sand up to 220 grit or 320 grit. I'm always amazed at how smooth my surface feels after a good 320-grit sanding. However, when looking online I ...
9
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3answers
3k views

How do I prevent stain from being removed during sanding?

I am refinishing an old Remington 870 stock birch stock. I stained it with a dark cherry colored stain, and then began to apply Hope's 100% tung oil. I had read to wait at least a day before sanding ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

In what order should I sand and route my edges?

I'm building a kitchen table from a planed slab and want to round the edges over using my router and a 1/8in round-over bit. I am curious if I should sand up (80grit - 320grit) first then do my edge ...
8
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5answers
3k views

Best sander for rustic wood

I want to build a rustic wood chair. My first rustic wood furniture ever. Doing rustic wood is really complicated for me because the wood is very uneven like this: What sander should I use for ...
8
votes
6answers
3k views

Hand planing edge joined board without tearout

I'm considering building a kitchen table. This would be my second. I plan on edge joining planks. Last time, despite using dowels for alignment, there were often ridges between adjoining boards. To ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Good way to sand wide curved faces

I'm working on a project that has a piece of curved (concave) crotch walnut. The curve is in three dimensions and is roughly 8"x6" in x-y and curves inwards roughly .5" in the z axis. I used a ...
8
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3answers
8k views

Removing existing stain from intricate woodwork?

I have a coffee table that has a lot of decorative work along the outside, such as flowers/leaves and rosettes that are part of the original woodwork (i.e., not created and fastened on after the fact)....
8
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3answers
11k views

Orbital sander papers coming off

I'm own a Black&Decker orbital sander (can be found here, using hook and loop papers), which is generally a good tool except for the fact that the sanding papers fall off before their sand becomes ...
8
votes
1answer
19k views

How can I stop my belt from drifting off my sander?

It is a simple question really that would be hard to embellish. While I'm using my belt sander the belt drifts. Sometimes almost half way off the assembly. This does not happen constantly but very ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Residue from tack cloth left on wood

I've been working with a piece of walnut and wanted to get all the dust out of the pores before sealing. I used tack cloth to remove the dust from the piece. The issue is that now there is a sticky ...
7
votes
3answers
923 views

Sanding inside pockets, fast

I have a sanding job that requires sanding inside many small pockets - a few thousand. I tested the speed I could get doing it by hand, and it might be as much of a week of non-stop work. It's time ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Can some woods just never have a clean finish after sanding?

I am cleaning up pallet wood to be used for miscellaneous projects. Right now I prepare the wood with minor variations on this process. The wood I get varies depending on what pallets I end up with. ...
7
votes
1answer
221 views

How do I achieve flush joinery when the pieces need to be stained differently?

When people need flush corner joints (say, dovetails), I usually see them glue the piece up, sand or plane the joint flush, and then apply stain to the whole thing. That won't work for me, because I ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

What's water sandpaper for?

I bought 320 grit sandpaper the other day and only noticed now that it's a different kind, labelled 'water' instead of 'cabinet' sandpaper. I tried using a bit of it and it seemed to work fine. So ...
6
votes
3answers
267 views

Options for sanding this type of bandsawn woodwork

I recently discovered Seth Rolland's furniture website and unique technique /style. The fan shaped top is cut from one piece of wood using a bandsaw alternating cuts from opposite sides that stop ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Are there techniques to sand small parts on a benchtop belt sander?

I often find myself attempting to sand small pieces of wood (1"x1"x1" or less) on a benchtop belt sander. In the past I've used pliers to hold the piece being sanded, but not always with success. ...
6
votes
2answers
623 views

What are the differences in use between a drum sander and thickness planer?

What is the big differences between a drum sander and a thickness planer? The only thing I know is that the drum sander does not remove much material, but can do more area at a time. But the planer ...
6
votes
1answer
667 views

Sanding the final coat of lacquer?

I have a lacquered table top with some minor dust specs sitting in the surface of the lacquer. I don't want to sand it down and reapply more lacquer. Can I use a super fine sand paper (what grain?) to ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Accidentally used steel wool before water based poly

I'm finishing my black walnut table top. I have already applied 2 coats of Old Masters Tung Oil Varnish. After this second coat, I began sanding about half the table top with 0000 steel wool before my ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Why aren't belt sanders with sanding frames available anywhere?

I'm not sure if this question is a fit for Stack Exchange, but I'll try to make it fit. I bought a Bosch 1274DVS 10 years ago and I was able to get an accessory 'guide'. The guide was a frame that ...
6
votes
1answer
15k views

How do I shave off a few millimeters from a board?

When I purchase wood from the local carpenter a lot of boards are 1-2mm off which results in gaps in my furniture which I usually just fill with silicon. I don't have a sanding machine with a length ...
6
votes
2answers
580 views

Sander in lieu of grindstone?

Odd thought just went by: There are sandpaper-based sharpening systems ("scary sharp" and it's cousins), generally using fine wet/dry sandpaper on a flat surface like plate glass. There are ...
6
votes
3answers
369 views

Sanding/filing small patterns at an angle

I've got small patterns cut out, about 5cmx5cm, from 12mm ply wood and glued together to form 24mm thick pieces. I need to file down the sides to get closer to the pattern (that I drew on the pieces) ...
5
votes
4answers
11k views

How to clean clogged sandpaper

I recently bought a belt sander and noticed that while using it stationary it can get clogged (on a certain region) real fast. The sharpness of the area is not lost but it's just clogged with wood ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

"Presanding" wood, before assembly?

I am new to woodworking. I recently completely my first job (a small bookshelf/toybox). After it was all put together, I spent a while sanding it, although it was difficult to get into the corners, ...
5
votes
2answers
770 views

What would be the best way to bevel an oval table top?

I'm building an oval dining room table and I'm looking for ideas on the best way to add a 30deg. bevel to the top. The top is 42" x 76". The top will be solid 4/4 Ash. I was thinking maybe a belt ...
5
votes
3answers
410 views

Polyurethane Book Case is Rough, Sand in Place?

There is a book case in my parents' house that me and my father built about 6 years ago. It was built to fit around a dresser and mirror. It's a log house so everything is "rustic". We had to build it ...
5
votes
2answers
569 views

How can variable speed be used on a random-orbit sander?

I see some models of random-orbit sanders have a variable speed control. Under what circumstances would I need variable speed while sanding? It's not clear to me what benefit it offers.
5
votes
5answers
533 views

My contractor sanded our plywood seating... Is there any way to fix the finish?

Just like the title says... any way to make this look less bad?
5
votes
4answers
9k views

Do I need to worry about wood dust for very small-scale manual sanding?

I have recently discovered carving as a very relaxing and pleasant hobby. From small branches of wood I whittle hair-sticks with interesting shapes (the kind of object you use to put long hair up) ...
5
votes
1answer
814 views

Ran into a few issues while staining my table top

My table top is made out of ash. There were a few spots that didn't take the stain well. Any suggestions on how to approach fixing these spots? This is my first build, so any help is appreciated!
5
votes
1answer
324 views

Spots on live edge after sanding

I have a slab of walnut with two live edges. After sanding down the live edges at 150 to remove bark and prep for finishing, I noticed these spots. Did I over-sand somehow? Or are these some odd ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Alternatives to a spindle sander

I was wondering what alternatives there are to a spindle sander or hand sanding when it comes to sanding concave curves. I have seen artificial spindle sanders created using a drill press/drill, but ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

sanding a live edge

I am pretty new at wood and have acquired a large piece of live edge wood that has some bark still attached. Its pretty loose so I have been carefully removing it but am unsure how to sand it prior ...
5
votes
1answer
39 views

What's the best process for sanding/finishing reactive stained oak floor with hardwax oil to leave the best surface?

I have raw oak floorboards which are being individually stained and finished before being laid. For context - this is my first time doing anything like this, so apologies for my lack of technical ...