Questions tagged [hand-planing]

There are many different planes for many different uses, but all shape a piece of wood to meet desired needs.

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19
votes
4answers
29k views

How do you plane end grain?

I tend to like power tools, because I need a lot less 'skill' to get the same quality product. However, I do like learning hand tool techniques and sometimes they are just as good or better than ...
15
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3answers
1k views

Recommendation for manual planing and sanding

I am a hobbyist who spends a lot of time manually preparing "plaques" of wood primarily for the purpose of relief carving and/or pyrography. I have very few tools, but what I do have (relevant to this ...
14
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4answers
3k views

Best way to flatten boards by hand

I'm trying to process 4/4 soft maple rough stock into 1/2" thin boards, ready for use in furniture and I'm having a real hard time getting them flat. Here's my process so far: Crosscut a 18" piece ...
11
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2answers
1k views

How to make a good joint by hand planing both edges at the same time?

In this comment on this question on jointing without a jointer it was stated that: there's a trick where, if you plane two edges at once, they'll fit together even if they aren't perfectly square ...
9
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5answers
16k views

What is an electric planer (hand tool) good for?

This may be an opinion question... Someone recently gave me an old electric planer similar to And I'm wondering whether there is any task where it would really have an advantage over other tools ...
9
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2answers
579 views

How to handplane many boards to the same dimensions

I am dimensioning aprons for a table with handtools, and trying to correct the four boards to have the same equal thickness over their entire length. I'm trying to minimize problems with uneven ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Which edge of the plane's mouth should I file if I want to open it up?

I have replaced the cutting iron on a Stanley #4 hand plane (edit: because the old one was kaputt, not by vanity). The replacement blade I got from LV is thicker, at 3.8mm vs the 2.0mm of the old one....
8
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6answers
3k views

Hand planing edge joined board without tearout

I'm considering building a kitchen table. This would be my second. I plan on edge joining planks. Last time, despite using dowels for alignment, there were often ridges between adjoining boards. To ...
8
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6answers
12k views

What is the old-school way of smoothing a curved surface?

I have heard that the old-school way of creating a flat surface is to use a hand plane, and that if you use the right tools, you may not even have to sand because the surface is so smooth. Can I use a ...
8
votes
1answer
263 views

Can a bad mouth plane be saved?

I recently bought a 10$ block plane just because it had a depth adjustment knob unlike the other block plane that I had. I took it out of the box, carefully took out the blade and sharpened it using ...
7
votes
1answer
170 views

Static Electricity While Using a Hand Plane

I'm fairly new to using a hand plane and I've run into situation that seemed funny at first, but is getting a little more irritating. For whatever reason, the nice, long curly shavings I'm taking have ...
6
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3answers
10k views

How can I fix warping on board made of glued 2x4s

I built a tabletop gluing up seven 2x4s together, and it warped a lot. Two opposing corners are up and the others down. I know cheap construction 2x4s can warp, but can this be fixed? The only way ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Fettling a hand plane

I have a #5 faithfull handplane (don't judge me, I didn't know any better!) that I tried to get working last year and failed miserably, so it sat in the cupboard for 6 months whilst I sulked. Since ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Respirator / Dust mask for hand tools?

Whats the safety regarding hand tools and dust masks? My hope is that in general hand tools will not produce fine enough dust to be concerned with. My assumptions are that using hand planes taking ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

When is the ideal time to work green wood

I had made a really simple bow saw during my summer holidays. I was trying to see if I could make a project from start to finish using only hand tools. I cut some poplar (Mostly guessing but the ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

Closing mouth on coffin plane

I have a Scioto coffin plane whose mouth is a little on the wide side. I'd like to glue a piece of wood inside the front of the throat to close it up, but I don't know if rubbing end grain against the ...
5
votes
3answers
9k views

Most general purpose hand plane for limited budget

I have spent too many hours using my poor man's plane consisting of a flat block and a piece of sandpaper to flatten down my dovetail pins. I am looking to buy a hand plane and am a little ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I avoid tearout when planing end-grain? [duplicate]

I am making a birdhouse and wanted to ensure that the two sloped sides of the box were the same height so the top flap would sit flat on both sides. I grabbed a block plane to do this and had really ...
5
votes
2answers
403 views

How do I set up the INGCO hand plane?

I've got a INGCO HPL01300 handplane and I'm kind of stuck on how to get started. I have already seen many videos on how the Stanley is setup and it seems pretty easy with one nail at the back to ...
5
votes
2answers
728 views

How should I set a hand plane down?

I've heard conflicting anecdotal advice on how to put down a hand plane. "Don't put a hand plane down on its bottom; always put it on its side or you'll throw off the blade." (source: Grandfather, ...
5
votes
2answers
756 views

hand plane controls (bevel down)

I finally got a decent craigslist haul of a #4, #5 1/4, #6 Stanley Bailey and a bunch of spare blades. I have been searching online and can find explanations for each of the adjustments. But I am ...
5
votes
3answers
971 views

How to clamp very thin wood for planing

I have some 1/8" plywood that I use to make small boxes, organizers etc. Since it is rough, a fast and neat way to smooth it is with a smoothing plane. Only a few light passes, of course. Using ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

getting edge of plane square to sole for shooting

I just finished putting together a shooting board and have noticed that none of my hand planes have sides which are square to the sole (Stanley/Bailey #4 w/ corrugated sole, #5 1/4, #6, Wood river low ...
5
votes
2answers
719 views

Hand plane gouging wood even with fine adjustments

I bought a handplane from an antique store about two years ago and have struggled, off and on, to get it to work. I have flattened the sole, sharpened the blade (enough to pass the "shave the arm" ...
5
votes
1answer
188 views

Hand planing punky wood

I have some spalted punky wood blanks I'm turning into a stool seat. How do I stabilise it so it won't tear out during hand planing? It's to big for ca glue, if i use a wood hardener can I then plane ...
4
votes
4answers
8k views

How do I use a handplane to smooth a cutting board?

I've never used a hand plane before, but recently decided to give hand planing a go. I purchased a Lie-Nielsen No. 5 Jack Plane. For a project to experiment with, I threw together a simple long ...
4
votes
1answer
526 views

Thicknessing and planing wide hardwood boards

I have some 600x1200mm (24"x47") hardwood (iroko) boards at just over 27mm (>1") thick that used to be old work tops from a school. I would like to clean them and use them for a kitchen worktop as it'...
4
votes
1answer
741 views

How to find replacement body paint for Record #07 handplane

Question I'm restoring a Record #07 hand plane (see Images section below). I plan to use electrolysis to clean the rust out of the nooks and crannies, and I suspect doing so might also attack the ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How flat is flat enough when laminating boards?

I'm making a workbench top using 2x4s of douglas fir laminated face to face and a hand plane. I know that the quality of the glue-up is going to be a function of the clamp strength, the flatness of ...
4
votes
1answer
306 views

How do I plane the edge of a board such that it stays square to the face?

I just bought my first plane, an inexpensive Stanley 12-404 clone by Amazon Basics. I was dialing everything in and planing the edge of a board, eventually getting nice, thin, even shavings. After I ...
4
votes
1answer
376 views

Best TOUGH clear finish for fragile wood-shaving flower?

I made a rose from Poplar planing scraps; the arranged, concentric, shavings are tissue-paper thin. I wanted to somehow seal and finish the flower so that it would have some degree of durability, ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Planing thin material to consistent thickness using hand tools

Is there a special tool/setup for achieving a consistent thickness of thin stock that leaves a planed/smooth finish? Something like I imagine is used for Kumiko members? https://www.tanihata.co.jp/...
3
votes
2answers
298 views

Planing end grain - cheap vs more expensive wood

I am trying to plane the end grain of some relatively cheap and soft (pine) timber (2x6s) with a no.4 Stanley Bailey hand plane. I've sharpened my plane to a degree which I think should be more than ...
3
votes
2answers
315 views

My hand-planed rebate goes downhill - what's wrong with my technique?

I'm hand-planing rebates in half-inch (12mm) birch plywood. The plane I'm using for this is an Axminster Rider No. 778 Duplex Rebate Plane. That's very similar to a Stanley No. 78 but the fence is ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

How to remove a heavy wire-brushed finish?

I bought a (solid) 32x70in white oak dining table that has a pretty heavily wire-brushed finish, something like: The crevices extend over 1mm below the surface. It's really quite impractical as food/...
2
votes
3answers
854 views

Broken plane sole - any fix?

There are some cracks in the sole of my plane, are there any possible fixes?
2
votes
2answers
223 views

Why is this planing job going so badly?

I cut a square hollow from a thick (~20in diameter) pine log using a chain saw, which looks like this: For my purposes, I don't need this very exact, nor very smooth, but I do want to get rid of ...
2
votes
2answers
629 views

Walnut or Jojoba oil before final smoothing plane

I was wondering if you plan to finish a piece with walnut or jojoba oil anyway, is there a downside to "pre-finishing" the piece before you finally smooth it? Since these oils don't go rancid they ...
2
votes
1answer
670 views

To prepare SPF (spruce/pine/fir) tabletop before a finish: should I use scraping, planing, or sanding?

My tabletop is made of selected SPF boards and has been planed with a handplane. I've added breadboard ends to each end. I'm preparing the surface for a finish, and trying to avoid sanding altogether, ...
1
vote
2answers
405 views

Securing long boards for edge jointing

What strategies are there for clamping long boards to a workbench for hand planing their long edges? My bench doesn't have a leg vice but does have a tail vice and bench dogs. However, the bench dogs ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

How to face joint board longer than bench by hand

Project: Bed frame from hard wood (still deciding between cherry, oak, walnut, ash, beech) Question: What is a good method to face joint a board (approximately 15 cm / 6” wide) by hand with a shorter ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

How to make a circular base with moulding using hand tools?

For a piece such as this: How can this be shaped using only hand tools? Normally, a router comes to mind for something like this, or maybe a lathe, and then when you only think of hand tools, I think ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Preventing poor groove geometry with plow plane?

I'm using a veritas small plow plane and I'm finding my grooves are a bit trapezoid shaped and not square to the reference face and edge: Material is Sapele. This is a longer piece (~48"). Some ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

What plane should I get for planing an antique end grain butcher block

I have purchased an old butcher block that has extensive damage to the top. I want to flip the block over and plane the other side smooth to be the new top. The butcher block is constructed with the ...
1
vote
1answer
281 views

Can I avoid spur / knicker marks in dado bottom cut with plough plane (stanley #45)?

I want to use a plough plane (stanley #45) to cut dadoes (cross grain). The spurs/knickers are useful in preventing tearout and defining a clean knife wall, but they score past the bottom of the dado, ...
1
vote
2answers
192 views

Tips and Ideas for Hand Planing a 11,950 N board keeping it simple

I'm trying to build a dining table out of two pieces of Jatoba wood (Hymenaea courbaril) which has: Density - 57 lbs/ft3 (910 kg/m3) Hardness - 2,690 lbf (11,950 N) info taken from https://...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Remove little material from a wooden piece with manual tools

I've started to enjoy using manual tools ("unplugged woodworking") and I've been getting manual tools (marking gauges, smoothing plane, saws, block plane, chisels, etc.). I have piece of ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

How do I mitigate this tear-out, ideally with hand-plane and scraper?

I have a rough-sawn plank of ash that I'm trying to finish using only hand tools (and no abrasives if possible). I think the board is flat-sawn, and you can see where the heartwood begins - the ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Smoothing an uneven piece of wood

What are the best ways to smooth out shallow cuts in a piece of wood that is "mostly flat" but definitely a little warped, and has no requirement to be made flat? This came from trees a ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Warp in glueup of endgrain cutting board?

Hey guys so I started my first real big woodworking project in a while, may have underestimated the intensity and precision of it just a bit so I'm debating on how best to save it. My first glueup of ...