Questions tagged [finishing]

Finishing a woodworking project refers to the final steps to beautify and protect it.

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17
votes
4answers
9k views

What are the differences between sanding and scraping?

How do both techniques compare? In terms of result, cost, applicability to different kinds of wood, different shapes of work pieces and cleanliness of process. I always used sandpaper to get a smooth ...
8
votes
3answers
14k views

how to fix very light scratches in polyurethane finish?

I just got a nice new wooden table, and, being completely clueless about wood, scrubbed it with the rougher side of a dish sponge because it had some weird rough spots on the surface. Now it's ...
26
votes
6answers
87k views

How do I achieve a “piano black” high gloss finish on wood?

I'm building some speaker cabinets for my living room out of MDF. I'm wondering how to achieve that "high gloss" / "piano black" look, like on B&W speakers or, well, black pianos... Any ideas? I'...
18
votes
7answers
12k views

What is the difference between “curing” and “drying”?

When learning about different finishes, some resources talk about the finish's drying time, such as this Zinsser Shellac. The shellac dries to the touch in 15 minutes and can be re-coated in 45 ...
17
votes
2answers
99k views

Can I apply water-based polyurethane over an oil based stain?

I recently finished a dresser top in a very light gray oil based stain. Afterwards I applied a water based matte poly, because I didn't want any yellow tint to show on the light gray color (see this ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Leveling a finish/finishing the finish

I'm using Emmet's Good Stuff (poly gel varnish that you wipe on) as a finish on a walnut slab. I've read a lot about finishing online, but am a little confused about "leveling the finish." As I ...
5
votes
1answer
335 views

Protecting against water damage

I am using an Ash slab for bathroom vanity top, what is best for sealing and protecting wood from water. Thank you
9
votes
3answers
15k views

How do I de-nib polyurethane after it dries but still maintain its finish?

Sometimes when I apply polyurethane, for whatever reason, it's not completely smooth. Maybe a brush mark here and there, or a couple little nibs, etc. The advice I see often is to sand the area ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

What finish is suitable for a childrens toy?

I'm designing a children's toy and I need it to have a non toxic, water resistant finish that can withstand being put in mouths, being thrown around and that is easy to clean.
16
votes
4answers
14k views

At what stage of basic furniture making should I “finish” the wood?

I have purchased wood in order to make some basic furniture: One of these will be placed outside (simple table), One inside the bathroom, (basic chest of drawers) And another in the hall way (shoe ...
10
votes
2answers
10k views

Should I finish before, during, or after assembly? [duplicate]

I'm building some pretty basic bookshelves. I intend to assemble them with glue. I also intend to sand them, apply stain, shellac, and polyurethane. Should I: Dry fit, glue, sand, finish? Or dry fit, ...
7
votes
5answers
49k views

What are the techniques to seal or remove sap?

For starters this is not green-wood. I have been cutting up some 2x4 into small blocks for painting and decoration. The block were cut and then sanded. About 3 days later I had the time to paint them....
8
votes
5answers
357 views

I polyed my paintbrush then procrastination left me in a predicament

I was using a nice paintbrush with polyurethane and it seems that I set it down then forgot to clean it. I have since run into it and I have a shiny, relativity tough, paintbrush now. Needless to say ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between wiping polyurethane and wiping varnish?

I make my own wiping polyurethane by thinning regular oil-based poly from home improvement stores with mineral spirits. According to Bob Flexner, the only difference between this and polyurethane-...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

What is a good finish for shot glasses?

I recently got a lathe and playing around with it I've made some cups roughly the size of a shot glass. My cousin immediately wanted to buy them off me. I haven't found any information that seems ...
12
votes
2answers
379 views

Choosing wood and finish for outdoor furniture

What qualities should I look for in woods to be used in outdoor furniture and what are some examples of woods which have those qualities? What finishing options do I have for weatherproofing wooden ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the best way to get a high gloss glass-like white finish? [duplicate]

What is the best way to achieve this High-Gloss White Glass Finish with wood?
16
votes
6answers
41k views

How long does it take tung oil to cure?

Depending on what you're reading, tung oil cures in a day I use Minwax tung oil on all my turningings. Two Coats ussually. After the second coat, I buff with the Beall Buffing system, Ussually ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Is all fine grit count sandpaper called wet/dry?

I need to start getting into sharpening and honing so naturally one of the ways I could go would be to get some sandpaper in the 500 + grit count range. (That decision is based off a great video I saw ...
7
votes
2answers
14k views

How can I prevent outdoor cedar projects from losing their color?

I love the look of natural cedar for outdoor projects. I built a small garden fence a few years ago, and made the mistake of leaving it unfinished. It's completely gray/silver now. I'm planning on ...
2
votes
1answer
570 views

how can I make a cedar tree round into an outdoor table? [closed]

How can I turn a large western cedar tree round into a low table? I now have a large western cedar tree round. It's from a 100-ish year old cedar tree that a neighbor cut down. My wife would like ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Is Danish Oil redundant to Polyurethane?

Is Danish Oil redundant to Polyurethane, or do both finishing agents provide complementary qualities?
11
votes
2answers
38k views

Can I apply polyurethane over oil before oil cures?

Specifically I am wondering about polyurethane (Rustoleum Ultimate) over boiled linseed oil, but in general polyurethane or other top coats with similar chemistry over any drying oil. Question is: ...
6
votes
7answers
14k views

How to finish a piece to bring out its colour

I have some pallet wood that I think is Kempas. Before I started to clean, cut and sand it the wood had a nice orange brown colour. After cleaning and sanding much of that colour was gone. I want ...
12
votes
5answers
12k views

Making wood filler from sawdust

The piece I am currently working on does not need to be perfect in any way, I am actually going for a slightly rough look (due to many mistakes along the way) but I would like to hide some of the ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I keep a cedar tree round from checking?

I want to turn a large western cedar tree round into a low table for a covered outdoor area. My tree round is from a 100-ish year old western cedar tree that a neighbor recently cut down. It's big,...
9
votes
2answers
275 views

How to can I repair/mitigate rot in the center of a Western Cedar tree round?

I want to turn a large western cedar tree round into a low table for a covered outdoor area. The round is from a 100-ish year old cedar tree. It was freshly cut (one month ago), is roughly 4 feet ...
7
votes
1answer
118 views

Why is there a progressive reduction in oil for finish/maintenance? Is it necessary?

For oil finishes, such as tung or linseed, it's common to see advice where you apply multiple coats early on, then fewer and fewer coats progressively. For example, a common adage is: "Once a day for ...
6
votes
2answers
202 views

How long after cutting wood can I wait to glue?

I am building a dining room table and it has taken me several months to cut all the pieces. Will the glue have any problems sticking to the edges that have been jointed/cut several months ago? I am ...
6
votes
2answers
260 views

What would be considered the strongest finish?

I am looking for the strongest finish for a project with the following specifications. I prioritize scratch and wear resistance, but also want sun and water resistance along with adjustments to ...
5
votes
1answer
9k views

Applying oils over stains

As we learned from Can I apply water-based polyurethane over an oil based stain? it is possible to do just that under certain conditions. I would like to broaden that question if possible. Finishing ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

Shellac over paint, outdoors

I am making something for outdoor use and I've painted it with a matte exterior latex paint. I'm satisfied with the protection that the paint will offer but I'm experimenting with ways to make it look ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Identifying Paint Type on Finished Furniture

I recently acquired a wooden table with a high-gloss painted surface. In moving it, I scratched one edge. I am hoping to repair the damage (hopefully without repainting the whole table) and then ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Most durable foodsafe finish to highlight chatoyancy

My favorite lumberyard (where I get most of my bowl blanks) specializes in curly/fiddleback/birdseye maple, all of which I love for their holographic/chatoyant qualities. Because I'm a beginner, I've ...
14
votes
2answers
30k views

Finishing schedule for live edge walnut slab

I'm working on a live edge walnut slab coffee table. This is a photo of the bottom side of the table before any finish is applied sanded to 220 (for reference the holes are for threaded inserts that ...
35
votes
4answers
25k views

What's the purpose of raising the grain before finishing a furniture piece?

I'm currently working on a entry bench in black walnut. I'm wondering if I should raise the grain before finishing my bench or not. In the past, I haven't done so. I've heard that it's better to ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Are Oil finishing and Oil polishing complementary?

There seems to exist two different procedures to finish wood with vegetal penetrating oils (raw linseed oil, boiled linseed oil, or pure tung oil). One method consists in letting the oil penetrate ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Applying shellac in high humidity

I applied a coat of dewaxed shellac (Bulls Eye) as a first coat on some poplar. I then noticed that the can said do not apply if humidity exceeds 85%. I live in a generally humid area. Today is a ...
8
votes
5answers
9k views

How to finish a branch to keep the bark (partially) on?

My son found a nice thick branch that I want to turn into a walking stick for him. Unfortunately, I can't tell what kind of wood it is exactly. The bark is still partially on and doesn't seem loose. ...
7
votes
2answers
7k views

How can I reduce the gloss of a varnished piece of furniture?

I have a piece of furniture with a glossy varnish finish. I like the existing color and grain pattern, but I would prefer it to be a matte finish. How can I accomplish this? Does rubbing out varnish ...
6
votes
1answer
108 views

A woodwork plan software that I can export sizing chart?

I am new to woodworking, and I am using Sketchup. I wonder if there is a woodwork plan software that I can export sizing chart after I have my design finished, so I can just follow it not list it on ...
11
votes
2answers
608 views

Evening reflectivity of a finish after “finishing the finish”

I recently installed butcher block countertops in my kitchen. Several weeks ago, I put four coats of varnish on them, but (as always) they ended up with dust nibs. So yesterday, I wet sanded with 400 ...
11
votes
2answers
276 views

Making fake/pseudo plugs or caps

Gifted amateur working with variety of different woods like pine,oak and something from Indonesia that I haven't typed yet. If one needs to use caps or plugs for recessed screw/nails you would just go ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Will painting the edges of plywood hide the layers?

If I paint the edges of an oak plywood sheet, will it hide the layers well enough to not show through the paint?
9
votes
1answer
119 views

Can low durability be mitigated with specific finishes?

I'm looking to build some outdoor furniture and I happen to have a lot of hard maple on-hand. While I also have a bit of cedar, I dislike how easily it scratches and dents. When reading up on ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Interior or Exterior stain for garage steps and shelves?

So obviously with an outside patio you'd use exterior stain, and a bedroom desk you'd use interior stain. But I have no idea what type of stain to use for wood that's located in the garage? The ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Does clear oil based polyurethane exist?

Is there such a thing as a truly clear oil based polyurethane? I know they yellow over time, but don't they also apply amber?
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Which woods work well with ammonia?

I love the traditional look of quarter sawn oak and the patina finish achieved by gassing the wood with ammonia. Are there other woods that react well by gassing with ammonia? If there are could you ...
7
votes
2answers
189 views

Do I need to seal the ends of hardwood fence boards?

I am building a small horizontal fence. The facing is batu and matches my front entryway deck. I put penofin penetrating oil on the fence boards. Do I need to seal the end of the hardwood fence ...
6
votes
1answer
127 views

How to repair a chip when one piece is already partially finished?

A small chip came off the surface of my piece when I was removing it from the rough stock. (I foolishly removed the piece, which I had just finished CNC'ing, from its rough stock by pressing it, ...