Questions tagged [finishing]

Finishing a woodworking project refers to the final steps to beautify and protect it.

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2
votes
1answer
241 views

Cloudy whiteish looking spot on my finish - what happened?

Have a weird spot on a walnut headboard I was hoping that someone could help me with. See the picture below. There is a cloudy whiteish looking spot in the middle of the headboard. It only shows if ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

White Cedar, how to seal/stain to make look similar to its original light color?

I made this white cedar chest & I want to protect it from rain and graying from ultraviolet (UV) sun exposure. I desire an oil stain or sealer because I have seen skin-peeling from varnish, ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

waterproof an outdoor lettered sign

I recently was gifted a session at a Board and Brush establishment, and made a lettered sign which I wish to hang on the garden fence. I would like to preserve it with a waterproof topcoat. ...
2
votes
1answer
227 views

Finishing California redwood for a bed frame?

I'm looking at what finish would be best for a redwood bed frame. I would like the wood to look natural, warmish color, and a bit of a satiny feel. I've done a few trials and here is where I stand (...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Sealing a Stained Poplar Bed Frame

I'm putting together a KD Frames poplar bed frame. I've already stained it with Minwax Wood Stain (I really wanted a black wooden look) but I'm unsure how to finish it. When I bought the stain at ...
3
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1answer
556 views

Water based poly super sensitive scratches white with simply grazing it?

Never dealt with this before but it’s really frustrating. Just built a dining table and 2 other small projects with the scraps. I stained with Varathane stain then applied Varathane water based poly. ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Durable clear finish over lettering on natural background

I am making a skittles board with b2 birch plywood. For those that don't know, this is not a candy server - it is a tabletop game somewhat like a combination of bowling, shuffleboard and top spinning....
2
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4answers
165 views

I put a heavy coat of linseed on a project I didn't wipe off excess. It didn't dry completely and left a sticky surface. How can I clean this off?

How can I take linseed oil off wood that has dried sticky? It tried thinner, denatured alcohol, nothing works.
7
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0answers
107 views

What are these white fibers emanating from the inside of my lignum vitae lidded box?

Several months ago I turned this lignum vitae lidded box. The first thing I noticed after completing it was how quickly the wood changed color in the sunlight, going from a just-turned honey brown to ...
3
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1answer
35 views

How to get an even sheen with wiping varnish?

I am making my own wiping varnish by following Bob Flexner's recommendation of mixing polyurethane varnish (in my case, Minwax semigloss) with odorless mineral spirits. Everything seems to be going ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Darken Danish Oil

I have a red oak board and I want to darken it pretty substantially to be more walnut color. I put on some Black Walnut Danish oil and it’s still too light and slightly red (I don’t expect the red to ...
7
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1answer
3k views

Blue/Greyish look after sanding polyurethane coat

I applied my first coat of General Finishes water based poly last night. But now after sanding with a 3M finishing pad, I am seeing blueish fogginess on the table top. It doesn't seem to be dust, ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Matching a cheap yellow finish on oak

Is there a method for matching an unknown finish on an existing piece of wood? In my case, I have an old (but nowhere near antique) piece that has had a couple trim pieces fall off. I've managed to ...
0
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2answers
116 views

Fresh sawn oak sleepers deck

I'm planning to make a deck (~18m2) using oak railway half-sleepers (50mm thick, 200mm wide). They are fresh sawn, so they are pretty rough with splinters, etc. Is this a good idea at all? Can I sand ...
4
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2answers
180 views

Oil based stain over water based fire retardant

I'd like to treat some wood (raw pine) with a water-based class A flame retardant (Flameseal WSA), but also stain it with an oil based stain (garden variety Minwax or Varathane). I'm a bit unsure of ...
1
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2answers
82 views

Can I leave indoor wooden furniture unfinished or will it grow mold?

I purchased some furniture that has wooden elements to it that ended up being unfinished. Should I be concerned about this? During the more humid months, will these elements grow mold on them? For ...
18
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7answers
13k views

What is the difference between “curing” and “drying”?

When learning about different finishes, some resources talk about the finish's drying time, such as this Zinsser Shellac. The shellac dries to the touch in 15 minutes and can be re-coated in 45 ...
3
votes
2answers
171 views

Can I puddle a little 2 part epoxy to fix a problem with a flood poly coat

I want to put the final coat(s) of wipe on poly over a gloss poly next to last coat of material. I previously applied many coats of Gloss polyurethane, but now I need to finish this project today. Can ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Strategy for coating a built table with polyurethane?

I built a simple table. I stained each piece before final gluing and construction. I am not sure how to polyurethane the table. I am concerned about both getting an even coat that doesn't run and ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Does water-based polyurethane affect paint color?

I recently painted a dresser. I originally painted it a darker gray than I wanted so after putting the initial two coats on I took the paint back to Home Depot and had them lighten the rest of the ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

seem to be allergic to unfinished wood in the drawers of my new bedroom set [closed]

The smell of wood is causing my throat and nose to swell when I lay down at night, I had to move to another room. How can I eliminate this odor, or at least mellow I out?
3
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0answers
78 views

Cigarette-proofing outdoor furniture

I built some benches, they're pressure treated lumber currently finished with oil based stain and oil based satin finish spar urethane. Some of them have shellac between the stain and urethane because ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Can I use #0000 steel wool for final polish of water-based polyurethane?

I'm finishing my first woodworking project — a tabletop that I hope to mount on a sit/stand desk mechanism. I've stained and applied 4 coats of Varthane water-based polyurethane in matte finish. I ...
6
votes
3answers
571 views

What is damaging this finished oak surface?

I have a lovely oak table; most of its surface looks as pristine as the day I got it, e.g.: Parts of the table surface are getting damaged -- the finish is wearing off and the pores of the grain are ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

How do I smooth and fill in the C side of ACX plywood?

I want to know how I can make the C side of ACX plywood have a more finished look by smoothing and filling. What should I use and how should I do it? Background: I am making french cleat for my ...
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0answers
21 views

How long until setting Waterlox sealer vertical

I am building a speaker box (cube) and finishing 5 sides. Normally I lay the box flat and do one side then rotate and do another side. Waterlox requires 24 hours between coats. Does that mean it’s ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Finish options for oak chairs, outdoors + high UV

I have built four oak wine barrel chairs that will be outdoors in a dry, high-UV climate. I see other chairs in our climate that the poly finish cracks and doesn't last long. I would like to put on ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Water-based polyurethane

I had my floors refinished. They won’t tell me what they used. I picked out Bona stain and asked for water base polyurethane. They applied the stain at 4 PM. The next morning they supposedly applied ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Wood conditioner then stain then oil?

I’m about to finish my first woodworking project, it’s a tv stand made from 2x4s. I’ve been doing some research on finishing but can’t find an exact answer. I’ve seen that a wood conditioner should be ...
1
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0answers
36 views

How can I darken a stained finish without sanding/stripping?

My current maple cabinets have a brown stained finish and I would like to darken the stain a bit more. What can I do to accomplish this WITHOUT needing to sand everything down and start from scratch? ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

dark stain for a mantle

I have a client that has me stumped. We installed a lovely new stone facade for a client, but their vision for the mantle has me at a loss. They like Minwax Carbon color stain, but want a deep color, ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Clear coat over epoxy?

I just did a pretty big piece of cherry with epoxy resin and there are a few spots that didn’t get covered adequately. Got a light coat but you can see the texture of the wood and not a glassy epoxy ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

When can I sand water based polyurethane?

I've applied Water Based Varathane Ultimate Polyurethane to some desktops. I intend to apply 3 coats. The instructions say drying time is 2 hours. Can I sand the finish after 2 hours or do I have to ...
10
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4answers
1k views

What is a good finish for shot glasses?

I recently got a lathe and playing around with it I've made some cups roughly the size of a shot glass. My cousin immediately wanted to buy them off me. I haven't found any information that seems ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Problem with walnut finish

A typical finish we do on walnut is staining with Old Masters Natural Walnut stain (sprayed and wiped) and then 2 coats of a waterborne poly on top. A fabulous finish. However a couple of times we ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Are lacquer re-coats supposed to dissolve/remove pinhole bubbles?

I am brushing lacquer on 50 small walnut plates. My first coats were a bit of a learning curve and I had produced some small bubbles. My understanding is that new coats of lacquer will dissolve into ...
3
votes
2answers
78 views

What glaze or surface treatment to repair this bar?

I have a bar that has a corner that was damaged in a move: It seems as if the wood underneath the finish is MDF. But, how do I identify what the finish is that was used here, so that I can identify ...
7
votes
3answers
887 views

I wonder how this alternating stain effect is made

I saw this example in a how-to page of sashco company!. I'm wondering how all the samples have a lighter and darker shade. Is it a double applying of the same product on it's right side? And how can ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Lacquer, persistent brush marks

So I'm 6 coats deep and cannot get the lacquer to settle flat. I think the lacquer is just drying too fast for me to adequately put enough on before it starts to set, it's a desktop of 2 feet by 4.5 ...
4
votes
4answers
171 views

Wood Still Rough After Finish

Preface - I'm a woodworking novice. I applied a polycrylic finish to an Ikea Gerton (solid beech wood) table top. I only lightly sanded with 220 by hand before applying the finish. I wasn't aiming ...
8
votes
2answers
143 views

How can I determine when a linseed oil finish has cured?

I have only recently begun experimenting with linseed oil and walnut oil finishes, after mainly using mineral oil. Today I read this question and realized that my process may be flawed, because I am ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

How to freshen wooden box

I have an old Chess set which has been in storage in what would appear to be less than ideal conditions. (Photo taken with flash.) One half of the box (on one side only, ie the half that is not shown ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

How to refinish artificially textured surface?

I'm having a bureau used as a working place (for writing, working, studying). Its top has artificially (I suppose) texture finished with lacquer or varnish. It looks OK, but using it as intended (to ...
3
votes
1answer
219 views

Tung oil does not dry

I have researched and done everything to get my tung oil to dry . It was put on to thick first coat. I removed the coat and sanded . Used lacquer thinner to remove . Still not dry . Has been 10 days . ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

How to speed drying of unknown finish in high humidity?

I'm in Malaysia helping my sister in law setup for a dinner party this evening. She has a beautiful 6' diameter table that had some stains on it. She had some eucalyptus oil based cleaner that we used ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Dealing with sap on table top

I am having a bit of a sap/gum problem with my Oregon tabletop which at the moment I have left raw (unfinished). The timber is very well aged (at least 20 years), quartersawn thick originally, now it'...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

Redwood for bar countertop. Glossy finish questions

Have a 3' X 7' Redwood live-edge slab. Sanded down to 220 grit. After doing some research I decided to coat, multiple light coats, of Danish Oil. It looks great in terms of grain/knots etc but very "...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

How long before polyurethane finish on desktop is dry?

I'm a total newbie and just made a simple desktop. I finished it with Minwax polyurethane satin. The can says let dry after final coat for 24 hours, but from what I've read on this forum it sounds ...
7
votes
1answer
770 views

Filling cracks with epoxy after Tung oil

So still working on my live edge walnut table, and I think I may have screwed up the order of operations a bit. The slab has some defects - cracks, small knots with voids, etc. Didn't think to much ...
11
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2answers
41k views

Can I apply polyurethane over oil before oil cures?

Specifically I am wondering about polyurethane (Rustoleum Ultimate) over boiled linseed oil, but in general polyurethane or other top coats with similar chemistry over any drying oil. Question is: ...