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Questions tagged [finishing]

Finishing a woodworking project refers to the final steps to beautify and protect it.

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What are the hardness ratings for the different types of lacquers and polyurethanes?

I have read a lot of opinions online about the hardness of different finishes, but I cannot find any authoritative numbers for hardness ratings for the different types of finishes in the lacquer and ...
Nicholas's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
5k views

How can I seal/stain white cedar to make look similar to its original light color?

I made this white cedar chest & I want to protect it from rain and graying from ultraviolet (UV) sun exposure. I desire an oil stain or sealer because I have seen skin-peeling from varnish, ...
john neu's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
194 views

Cigarette-proofing outdoor furniture

I built some benches, they're pressure treated lumber currently finished with oil based stain and oil based satin finish spar urethane. Some of them have shellac between the stain and urethane because ...
Jason C's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
133 views

Refurbishing Posts & Beams in a Modern 1954 House

I'm trying to refurbish the posts and beams in my house. They're quite beat up in some spots and have water damage streaks in the existing finish(es) in others, so I've decided to strip the existing ...
Brooke Green's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
71 views

Sealer for inside of bathroom cabinets [thin plywood]

I am creating some floor-to-ceiling stud bay storage in a bathroom. Bathroom is small but has a vent fan. I am using the RevolutionPly utility sheet goods to line the cabinets. I believe it is made of ...
Ava's user avatar
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2 votes
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782 views

One spot on a plywood does not accept stain. What can I do?

I bought a plywood from lowes for 49 for a table top. It has a smooth finish and has an almost white color. I sanded it with 150. Applied minwax pre stain and then dark walnut stain. All oil based. ...
Makmeksum's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
103 views

Watco lacquer still gummy after 4 days

I am a jewelry artist who recently started working with wood. I have used a gold stamping ink to lightly cover a few pieces, allowed to dry completely for 24 hours and then started doing mist coats of ...
207lauras's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
132 views

Problem with walnut finish

A typical finish we do on walnut is staining with Old Masters Natural Walnut stain (sprayed and wiped) and then 2 coats of a waterborne poly on top. A fabulous finish. However a couple of times we ...
user7618's user avatar
2 votes
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140 views

Are lacquer re-coats supposed to dissolve/remove pinhole bubbles?

I am brushing lacquer on 50 small walnut plates. My first coats were a bit of a learning curve and I had produced some small bubbles. My understanding is that new coats of lacquer will dissolve into ...
Nupraptor's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
185 views

Knots bleeding through deck sealer

I have a deck that I built in 1986 with treated lumber, that last year we used a stain sealer on and the sealer was bled thru at mostly knot locations. I have used clear sealer many times over the ...
James Penrod's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
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Touching up Guitar Body

I am trying to fix a patch on a guitar, but every time I spray I get this odd fisheye effect: I am trying to spray it with Sunburst Black https://www.stewmac.com/Materials_and_Supplies/...
Vitaly Babiy's user avatar
2 votes
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224 views

Food stain on polycrylic cabinet

I just finished painting my cabinets white, and to finish it off I put three coats of polycrylic on top to make them more durable. I placed the cabinet doors back on yesterday. Today, while making a ...
Jeffrey's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Can I thin over-thickened boiled linseed oil with unboiled linseed oil?

I have real boiled linseed oil. It started off as just a bit thicker than raw, but over the years it has thickened to the point that it makes a film and is quite annoying to apply. I was wondering ...
Iivari Mäntysaari's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
41 views

Fix laminate kitchen counter finish

Recently, I bought a kitchen with a veneered wood top, with black marble-effect finish. The guys that assembled the kitchen used some silicone to join the two pieces of the top, leaving a horrible ...
rebellion's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
318 views

Antique Danish Oil is still sticky months after application. How can I get it to cure?

I refinished a softwood tabletop using Minwax Red Oak 215 stain and Circa 1850 Antique Danish Oil. I've waited over 6 months and the oil is still sticky/tacky! We're talking post-it note levels. I ...
Mr. Tricorder's user avatar
1 vote
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1k views

okay to put one coat of linseed oil over one coat of tung oil?

I'm in a situation where I had to take a piece from one shop to another as I moved cross country. Yesterday I applied one coat of tung oil per the container's instructions. The shop I am in this ...
AKA's user avatar
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1 vote
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117 views

Will my tacky polyurethane eventually cure when average air temperature rises?

So, for lack of a proper shop, I was applying a first coat of undiluted Varathane Ultimate Polyurethane (oil based) to a plywood box using my dining room table under a plastic drop cloth as a work ...
Henry Taylor's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
51 views

Why do MDS for polyurethane finishes show such a wide range of solvents? What are we really getting?

I like to thin my polyurethane finish with mineral spirits as an alternative to buying a wipe on poly - but when I started to look at several of the easily available options for Clear Gloss, like ...
Sclwood's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
167 views

How do I keep the natural colour on wormy maple?

I have some beautiful wormy maple barn doors that I want to finish. I've tried Minwax oil-modified polyurethane clear satin and tung oil separately on a small corner and both turned the wood slightly ...
Susan McCallum's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
3k views

Polycrylic getting sticky and peeling/wearing off

I coated a bare wood acacia table for a computer desk with Minwax polycrylic about 4 months ago and made sure it was dried the recommended 24 hours before regular use. 4 months later, I noticed the ...
Dobob's user avatar
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1 vote
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How strictly should I follow temperature guidelines for brushing lacquer?

I'm trying to finish a small piece with brushing lacquer, which I have not used before. The can says that I should not apply it if the temperature is below 55F (13C). The temperature in my area has ...
crmdgn's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Lacquer. Perfect Round Holes. Wood Glue. Etc

I'm a hobbyist. I'm building a guitar cab. This is my first touch of a table saw and first try and box joints. A couple of Q's: 1. I sanded the heck outta this thing but apparently not enough to get ...
dallaskruse's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
49 views

Durable clear finish over lettering on natural background

I am making a skittles board with b2 birch plywood. For those that don't know, this is not a candy server - it is a tabletop game somewhat like a combination of bowling, shuffleboard and top spinning....
Adam's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
114 views

Strategy for coating a built table with polyurethane?

I built a simple table. I stained each piece before final gluing and construction. I am not sure how to polyurethane the table. I am concerned about both getting an even coat that doesn't run and ...
JoshuaD's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
41 views

How long until setting Waterlox sealer vertical

I am building a speaker box (cube) and finishing 5 sides. Normally I lay the box flat and do one side then rotate and do another side. Waterlox requires 24 hours between coats. Does that mean it’s ...
tjcinnamon's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
68 views

Water-based polyurethane

I had my floors refinished. They won’t tell me what they used. I picked out Bona stain and asked for water base polyurethane. They applied the stain at 4 PM. The next morning they supposedly applied ...
Elix Nazario's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
388 views

How can I darken a stained finish without sanding/stripping?

My current maple cabinets have a brown stained finish and I would like to darken the stain a bit more. What can I do to accomplish this WITHOUT needing to sand everything down and start from scratch? ...
Programmer's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
59 views

Choosing a finish for a tusk/key/wedge that stays put

To ensure that a tusk stays put longer in a mortise, is the nature of the finish critical (assuming the piece is cut to a L:W ratio ~10:1)? The particular type of construction i’m referring to is ...
ww_init_js's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
366 views

Spreading water-based Varathane that is 3 times thicker

I used water-based 3X Varathane on a table top I am refinishing. It is very difficult to spread because it is so thick. It is supposed to be "self-leveling". I cannot brush it on evenly because it ...
Vicki Frank's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
639 views

Bleeding bubbles through stain

Okay I saw another question about bleeding through paint but this is stain so it may have a different solution. I sanded, used prestain conditioner, and minwax stain on a desk I’m attempting to ...
Jaken's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
100 views

Coating gone wrong

I have a large piece of Camphor Laurel that I have sanded and given a sealing coat to. I'm using Bonball Marine Varnish. I have left it between coats for 24 hours. This is the 3rd full coat today and ...
Angela Weber's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
577 views

Installing casing using jack miters

I'm looking to match the butt style casing installation of my old home. Standard 45 mitered casing and planning the backside has worked for me in newer homes First floor example with backband The ...
Rob's user avatar
  • 143
1 vote
0 answers
561 views

Trim / Casing and Baseboard choices between rooms

I understand this is partially design, however I think it's part of the art of fine trim carpenters. This is my second floor sitting room which has routed 1x8s as baseboard and 1x6 with the same ...
Rob's user avatar
  • 143
1 vote
0 answers
798 views

Which additives increase shellac's heat resistance?

I like shellac's color and ease of application, but the bottom of my laptop melts my table's finish. Yes, seriously. I'm thinking to cross-link the finish (taking advantage of all the hydroxyl and ...
piojo's user avatar
  • 191
0 votes
0 answers
17 views

I spilled coffee on a marquetry inlay table

My table has a ring of lighter wood inset, and coffee has got into it under the French Polish. Milk and sugar :/ There is sliiiiight discolouration where the coffee has run into the grain. I would ...
Alexis Scholtz-Wheeler's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
43 views

I'm clueless when it comes to epoxy, how do I get the finish I want?

This is my first time on this forum, I tried to search for some questions similar to mine, but there aren't any, or I'm searching wrong (which is likely my issue, haha!). I have made many live edge ...
Austin's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
52 views

Safe Glossy Non-Toxic Finish for Wood Shifter Handle?

I'm considering getting a custom wood shifter handle and they can either do a raw finish, a semi-glossy finish or glossy polished. Just wondering what the safest and least toxic glossy finish would be ...
Snakej's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
57 views

Sealing wet wood?

I recently purchased a slab of black walnut and am needing to make a desk out of it sooner rather than later. Am I able to just finish the top side of the table and leave the bottom of it unsealed so ...
Ari P's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
407 views

How to apply Rubio Monocoat and Black Bison Wax to white oak

I love the look of black bison wax on oak as a way to really bring out the grain. (see example photo) Until now I've only used rubio monocoat as a finish. It's pretty much impossible to mess up and it ...
Danny Delott's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
98 views

What finish is this and how can I fix after bad coffee accident…?

I just had a pretty bad friday morning coffee spilling experience and the coffee seem to have ruined the surface finish of two of my kitchen chairs: Either the heat or the acid in the coffee caused ...
Viktor Hedefalk's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
1k views

Is water-based polyurethane completely scratch resistant?

Just received a custom table finished with minwax water-based polyurethane. It's been about a week so I tested applying pressure with my fingernail, which did leave a small scratch if you look closely....
eric's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
1k views

How significant is the yellowing from aging polyurethane?

It seems that at least half of the questions we get about finishing are along the lines of "I don't want any yellowing from my finish", or "I don't want any yellowing because of aging ...
FreeMan's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
74 views

How to fill cracks and finish my bench (old found wood)?

For my first woodworking project, I am building bench with wood I found on the curb. Both my neighbor and a guy walking down the street said they thought the wood was at least 150-years-old. The ...
jds's user avatar
  • 145
0 votes
0 answers
81 views

Recreate dark wood/gradient finish

I have a mirror with a frame which has a dark stain which has a gradient into an almost black finish. Unfortunately a part of the mirror's frame got damage and small chunk was taken out of the frame. ...
111111's user avatar
  • 205
0 votes
0 answers
115 views

Questions on walnut oil on black walnut end grain cutting board

Almost finished this small cutting board (approx. 1" thick, 6" by 8"): I got walnut oil from LeeValley and applied it after sanding and other finish touches. It's been already about 36 ...
Cal-linux's user avatar
  • 133
0 votes
0 answers
65 views

Using reactive fabric dye to stain wormy maple bookcase. Tight grain wood prep? With oil gel stain?

I've built a rustic bookcase with wormy maple. I am trying to get a 2-tone look. I've tested a turkey red dye stain (1 tablespoon powered:1 cup water: 1 cup alcohol) the wormy parts are brighter and ...
Colleen's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
246 views

How to get consistent glossiness in shellac finish repair

I've been repairing the shellac finish on paneling in my home, and some spots are coming out way too flat when dried. In this photo you can see how the glossiness isn't consistent, even though I ...
Andy's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
0 answers
567 views

Peppermint oil damaged table finish

Recently I put a cup that had a bit of peppermint oil on the bottom of it on my table. It must have dissolved and adhered the finish because the cup was firmly stuck to the table. After removing it, ...
mwigdahl's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
0 answers
92 views

Is this a good way to highlight a laser engraved design in wood?

I'm making a signboard for a coffee bar. It's made from three glued together pieces of douglas fir tongue and groove floorboards that were installed in 1945. The engraving is done and I want to keep ...
Galane's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
53 views

Food safe water proofing finish?

I'm looking to build a vertical farm for practical and decorative purposes. It would be a tube design where I pump water to the top and it would trickle down along the sides of the tube, watering the ...
user81993's user avatar
  • 101