Drills operate at a much slower (factor of 10) rotational speed than routers (~28,000 rpm for routers, ~3000 rpm for drill presses; both should be slower for larger bits). It's therefore not possible (or very impractical) to put a router bit in a drill press and do anything substantial with it. You would need a way to make the drill spin much, much faster, and you can't do that with a jig.
Lathes do operate at similar rotational speeds as drill presses, and they do make attachments / products for using your drill press this way (thanks @CharlieKillian!). I would be wary of turning any very hard wood on this, though, but it should work fine for smaller or infrequent projects.
What you can also do is use your drill press as a poor-man's spindle sander, and there are products available specifically for this (and also for using your drill press as a mortising machine). There are also numerous videos online on making your own sanding drums for your drill press. Again, though, the drill press is not designed to withstand sideways forces. If you're careful to not apply too much pressure when sanding, this can work just fine and not break your drill press.